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How to perform Umrah step by step?

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How-to-perform-Umrah

How to perform Umrah step by step?

Bismillahir Rahmani Rahim, today’s topic of discussion is the rules and supplications for performing Umrah. The literal meaning of Umrah is a pilgrimage. Umrah in terms of Shariah means pilgrimage to Baitullah Sharif through certain actions such as Ihram, Tawaf, Sa’i, and shaving the head or cutting the hair short.

Umrah rules

1. Tying Ihram

2. Performing tawaf

3. Performing Safa-Marwa Sai

4. Shaving the head or cutting all the hair short.

In the month of Hajj, performing Umrah by wearing Ihram, and Baytullah Tawaf, and after Saa-e-Safa-Marwar by shaving the head or cutting the hair to become halal.

1. Tying Ihram

Bangladeshi pilgrims usually perform Tamattu Hajj. It usually takes five and a half hours by air to reach Jeddah from Dhaka. Tamattu Hajis will assume Ihram for Umrah after performing ablution immediately after the arrival announcement and green signal given by the aircraft at least half an hour before landing in Jeddah.

If the Bangladeshi pilgrims go to Makkah via Madinah, they will enter Ihram from Dhul-Hulaifa, not before. Because he came to Madinah from Jeddah as an ordinary traveler to pray in the Prophet’s Mosque, not for Hajj. And praying in Masjid an-Nabawi is not part of Hajj.

The specific place of Ihram

The specific place of wearing the Ihram is called Miqat in the Shari’ah language. Ihram can be tied from five places.

One. Zul Hulaifa or Bire Ali: This is the Miqat of Medinans and those entering Makkah through Medina.

Two. Yalamlam: It is the Miqat of those entering Makkah via Jeddah from Southeast Asian countries.

Three. Al-Juhfa: It is the Miqat of Syria, Egypt, and those coming from there.

Four. Qarnul Manajil or Assa’il al-Kabir: This is the Miqat for those coming from Najd.

Five. Jatul Irak: This is the Miqat for those coming from Iraq.

Sunnah of Ihram

(1) It is better to perform ablution or ghusl before Ihram. But not the condition. Women can wear Ihram while impure.

(2) Using perfume on the body, not on clothes.

(3) Wearing a white unstitched lungi and chadar for men. For women to wear any form of modest clothing, which does not resemble men’s clothing.

Ihram is worn after any obligatory prayer or after two rakat Nafal prayers of ‘Tahiyatul Azu’. However, wearing Ihram has nothing to do with Salat.

Shaykh Abdullah bin Jasser, Ahkamul Hajj (Riyadh: 3rd ed. 1412/1992) pp. 70-75.

Ihram Dua

Ihram should be done by reciting any one of the following supplications.

(1) Labbayek Umraatan (I appear for Umrah).

(2) Labbayek Allahumma Omratan. (O Allah! I appear for Umrah).

(3) Labbayk Allahumma Omratam Mutamattian Biha Ilal Hajji; Fayassirha li wa Takabbalha minni (O Allah! I have come for Umrah, as a beneficiary of Hajj. So make Umrah easy for me and accept it from me).

# Those who perform both Umrah and Hajj in the same Ihram will say, Labbayk Allahumma Omratan wa Hajjan.

## Those who put on Ihram only for Hajj will say Labbayk Allahumma Hajjan.

### But those who fear that they will not be able to perform Hajj due to illness or any other reason, will recite the conditional dua after saying ‘Labbayek Umratan’ or ‘Labbayek Hajjan’, Fain Habasani Ha-Bisun, Fa Mahalli Haichu Habastani. Meaning: If anything hinders (my performance of Hajj or Umrah), then wherever You hinder me (O Allah!), there will be my place of halal. (Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat Ha/2711).

#### Those who perform Hajj on behalf of someone, if their Muwakkil is a male, should say in their hearts to him, Labbayek An-Fulan (I appear on behalf of so-and-so). And if it’s a woman, say, Labbayk An-Fula-nah. If you forget to say un fullan or Fula-nah, that’s fine too. Deeds will be accepted based on intentions, inshallah.

##### If there is a minor son or daughter (putting them in Ihram by performing ablution), their guardian will recite the above supplication on their behalf. (Qwahtani, pp. 52-55).

Prohibited things after Ihram

Ihram of Hajj and Umrah is like Tahreema in Takbeer. As a result, many things are prohibited for the Muhrim after the Ihram barrier. For example,

(1) Using perfumes.

(2) Removal of hair of the head and any part of the body by any means and cutting of fingernails and toenails for both men and women.

(3) Hunting birds or any animal. Even cooperating with cues to capture prey. However, it is permissible to kill harmful animals such as snakes, scorpions, rats, rabid dogs, mosquitoes, lice, etc. (Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat Ha/2698-99).

(4) Making any sexual conduct, marriage proposal, marriage contract, or sexual discussion.

(5) Use of turban, cap, and handkerchief for men. But there is no harm in using an umbrella or something like that for shade in extreme heat or rain.

(6) For men to wear any type of stitched clothes like Jubba, Punjabi, Shirt, Genji, Socks, etc. However, there is no fault in wearing Ihram clothes with claps.

(7) Use of face covering and hand socks for women. However, it is obligatory to cover the face in front of other people.

(8) Arguing and talking and doing bad things against the Shariah.

Among the above acts, only sexual intercourse will invalidate Ihram. Ihram will not be canceled for the rest. But Fidya will be obligatory. That is, sacrifice a goat as an atonement or give three meals to 6 poor people or fast for three days.

Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat Ha/2688.

Of course, if someone does it out of forgetfulness or ignorance, compulsion, or while asleep, there is no sin or redemption.

The purpose of the above prohibitions is to free the Muhrim from worldly adornment and turn him completely towards Allah. The purpose of wearing unstitched clothes for men is to be pure and devoted to Allah, free from all adornment and display.

Talbiyah

After entering Ihram until reaching Masjid al-Haram, abstain from things prohibited by Ihram and always recite the following supplication, called ‘Talbiya’, till it becomes halal. The men will move and the women will recite ‘Talbiya’ in a low voice.

Muatta, Tirmidhi et al., Mishkat Ha/2549.

Pronunciation: ‘Labbaika Allahumma Labbaik, Labbaika La Sharika Laka Labbaik; Innal Hamda Wanni Mata Laka Wal Mulk; La Sharika Lak’.

Meaning: I am present, O Allah, I am present. I appear You have no partner, I am present. Surely all praise, grace, and empire are Thine; You have no partner.

Note that during the Jahili period, the Arabs used to recite the following Shirky Talbiya during Tawaf. – Labbaika la sharika laka, illa sharikan hua lak; Tamlikuhu wa ma malak’ (I have no partner for you, only the partner that is for you. Whom you own and whatever he owns’). After the polytheists said ‘Labbaika la Sharika Laka’, the Prophet (PBUH) used to say Qada Qada (Stop, stop, and walk) to them. 

Muslim, from Ibn Abbas (RA); Mishkat Ha/2554 ‘Ihram and Talbiyah’ paragraph.

Islam came and changed the Shirky Talbiya and introduced the pure Tawheed-based Talbiya mentioned earlier. Rasulullah (PHUB) did not say any other words.

Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat Ha/2541 ‘Ihram and Talbiyah’ paragraph.

After reciting ‘Talbiyyah’ one can recite the duas described in the Sahih Hadith to seek Allah’s pleasure and Jannah and escape from Hellfire. Like ‘Alla-humma inni asalukal jannah, wa a’uzu bika minannar’ O Allah! I ask you for Paradise and I seek refuge from Hell).

Abu Dawud ha/793; Sahih Ibn Hibban Ha/865.

Or say ‘rabbe qini ‘aza-baka yaoma tab achu ‘iba-daka’. ‘O my Lord! Save me from your torment! The Day You will resurrect Your servants.

Muslim, Mishkat Ha/947 Tashahhud Dua’ paragraph-17.

Niyyat: It is enough to make Umrah or Hajj in mind and recite Talbiya. Saying ‘Nawaitul Umrah’ or ‘Nawaitul Hajja’ is an innovation. 

Fiqh Hus Sunnah 1/464 p.

It should be noted that there is no evidence of reciting Niyyat orally for any worship other than reciting ‘Talbiya’ for Hajj or Umrah.

Virtue: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “When a Muslim recites ‘Talbiya’, all the pebbles, trees and soil to the end of his voice to his right-left, east-west recite ‘Talbiya’ with him”. 

Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Mishkat Ha/2550.

Twibi says that is, everything on earth declares unity with his Talbiyah.

If one forgets to recite the Talbiya, then he should repent and seek forgiveness from Allah and recite the Talbiya. He does not have to pay any Fidya for that.

Dua to enter Masjid al-Haram

If you only wish to see the Kaaba, raise your hands and say ‘Allahu Akbar’ and recite any dua or the following dua, which was recited by Umar (RA).

Allahumma antas salaam wa minkas salaam, Fa Hayyina Rabbana bis salaam. (O Allah! You are peace, from You comes peace, so O our Lord! Keep us alive with peace!).

Baihaqi 5/73; Albani, Manasikul Hajj wal ‘Umrah p. 20.

Then, while entering the Masjidul Haram, place the right foot first and recite the following supplication.

Allah-Humma Challe Ala Muhammad wa Sallam; Allahummaftahali Abwaba rahmatika’ (O Allah! You shower grace and peace on Muhammad. O Allah you open the doors of Your favor for me!’).

Hakem 1/218; Abu Dawood Ha/465; Ibn Majah ha/772-73; Shahihah Ha/2478.

Or say, A’uzu billa-hil ‘Azeem, wa Biwaz Hihil Kareem, wa Bisulta-nihil Qadimi Minash Shaytwa-nir rajim’ (‘I seek refuge in Allah, the Glorious and Glorious, and in His Great Appearance and Eternal Authority to be banished, Satan’). After reciting this dua, Satan says, the person became safe from me for the whole day.

Abu Dawud ha/466; Mishkat Ha/749.

There is no harm in reciting two duas together. This dua applies to entering any mosque, including the Prophet’s Mosque.

Dua to leave the mosque

Put the left foot first and say, ‘Alla-humma Challe ‘ala Muhammad wa sallam; Allahumma Inni Asaluka min Fazilika’ (O Allah! You shower grace and peace on Muhammad. O Allah! I seek Your favor’).

Or say, ‘Alla-humma challah ‘ala Muhammad wa sallam; Allahumma Chimni Minash Shaytwa-nir Rajim’ (O Allah! You shower grace and peace on Muhammad. O Allah! You protect me from the banished Satan’).

Ibn Majah ha/773; Shahihah Ha/2478.

There is no harm in reciting two duas together. Do’ati applies to all mosques including the Prophet’s Mosque.

2. Performing tawaf

Then enter through the Banu Shayba Gate near Hazare Aswad or any other gate and go straight to the Mataf in ablution state and start Tawaf (circulation) from under the green lamp along the ‘Hazare Aswad’ (black stone) at the south-east corner of the Kaaba leaving the Kaaba house to the left. will do This is called ‘Tawaf Qudum’ or Tawaf of arrival.

Note that Baitullah Tawaf is like Salat. That is why purity is a condition in it. If the ablution is rushed in the middle, one should repeat the ablution and start Tawaf from the beginning. If he doesn’t or doesn’t have time, he has to offer a Qurbani as Fidya. But sorry if you do it out of ignorance. Dua should be recited silently during Tawaf like Salat. But here Allah has permitted me to say a few good words under the condition of compulsion. 

Tirmidhi and others; Mishkat Ha/2576; Irwa Ha/121; 

It should be remembered that house circumambulation is not the main purpose, but the main purpose is to obey Allah’s order and gain His pleasure.

Then during this Tawaf, the men will perform ‘Yattiba’. That is, keep the cloth of Ihram above the left shoulder under the right armpit and keep the right shoulder open. However, during other Tawaf such as Tawaf Ifada, Tawaf Bidah, etc., and Salat, the Muhrim shall cover both his shoulders. Every Tawaf will start from Hazrat Aswad and end there.

At the beginning of Tawaf, point your hand towards ‘Hazree Aswad’ and say – ‘Bismilla-Hi Walla-Hu Akbar’ (In the name of Allah and Allah is the Greatest). Or just say ‘Allahu Akbar’. 

Bayhaqi 5/79 p.

In this way, whenever you reach Hazare Aswad, you will say Allahu Akbar with a hand gesture or a kiss. There is no chance of being less crowded. However, if you get a chance, perform the Sunnah of kissing ‘Hazare Aswad’ at the beginning and end of Tawaf.

There will be a total of 7 Tawaf. The first three tawafs should be done ‘Ramal’ or with a little speed and the last four tawafs should be done at a normal pace. Women will always walk at normal speed.

Muslim, Mishkat Ha/2566.

Then reach the southern wall area from ‘Rukne Yamani’ in the south-west corner to ‘Hazre Aswad’ in the south-east corner and recite this dua in every Tawaf-

Pronunciation: Rabbana a-tina fidduniya hasanatao wa fil a-khiraat hasanatao wa kina aza-banna-r.

Meaning: O our Lord! Give us goodness in this world and goodness in the Hereafter and protect us from the punishment of Hellfire.

Bakbarah 2/201; Saheeh Abu Dawud Ha/1666; Mishkat Ha/2581; Bukhari Ha/4522, 6389; Mishkat Ha/2487.

At this time touch ‘Rukne Yamani’ with your right hand and say ‘Bismilla-Hi Walla-Hu Akbar’. But don’t kiss. If it is not possible for the crowd, there is no need to touch it or point to it and say ‘Allahu Akbar’. Only ‘rabbana a-tina…do’ati will fall. Anas (RA) said that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to recite this supplication most of the time. It should be noted that if you say Allah-Humma a-Tina or Allah-Humma Rabbana a-Tina instead of Rabbana, this dua can also be recited in Sijda. Apart from this, this dua can always be recited in Salat, Sa’i, Arafa, and Muzdalifah everywhere. It is an essential and comprehensive dua. which includes everything which can be read at all times.

It should be noted that Tawaf should be performed outside the Hatim, which is surrounded by a low high wall on the north side of the Kaaba. If you go inside, that Tawaf will be canceled and you have to do another Tawaf. Because the Hatim part is included in the original verse. If he is left out, the Kaaba will be left out.

Thus, at the end of seven tawafs, pray two Rakats of Nafal Salat in Maqbam behind Ibrahim or in any place of Haram Sharif if it is impossible due to the crowd. This time cover the right shoulder.

(a) This Salat may be recited at three prohibited times.

(b) If one goes out without offering this Salat due to any Shariah reason or by mistake, there is no fault in that. Because it is not obligatory.

(c) Salat is permissible here without Sutra. However, it is obligatory to show respect to worshippers. A goat can be crossed from the worshiper’s place of prostration. 

Bukhari ha/496; Muslim Ha/1134.

(d) In the said Salat, after Surah Fatiha, recite ‘Surah Kafirun’ in the first rak’ah and ‘Surah Ikhlas’ in the second rak’ah. But you can read other suras too.

If you are sure that the number in Tawaf and Sa’i is less than counting, complete the rest. There is no fault if the concept is uncertain or over-calculated.

At the end of the prayer, if possible, kiss Hazare Aswad. Then enter the area of ​​’Yamzam’ near east-south and drink water from there and go up to the ‘Safa’ hill next to it.

3. Performing Safa-Marwa Sai

‘Sai’ means running. Thirsty mother Hajar, frantically searching for water for her and baby Ismail, went up to the mountains of Safa and Marwa to see if any merchant caravan could be found. This Sai has to be done keeping in mind those painful and painful memories.

Sai (run) seven times between Safa and Marwa. 

Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat Ha/2557

Run a little harder between the two green spots between the two hills. But women will walk at normal speed. Women are not supposed to run during Sa’i probably because of their veil and for health reasons.

(1) Approach Mount Safa and say, We are starting from what Allah has started with. Then recite the following verse – Chafa wal Marwata min Sha’a-Irillah. Meaning: Surely Safa and Marwa are among the signs of Allah. (Baqarah 2/158).

(2) Then say ‘Allah-hu Akbar’ three times while climbing the mountain.

(3) Then climb the mountain and face the Ka’ba and raise both hands and recite the following dua three times-

Pronunciation: La ila-ha illallah-hu wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu yuhyi wa yumitu, wa hua ‘ala kulle shayin qadir. La ila-ha illallah-hu wahdahu la shariqa lahu, anjaza wa dahu wa nasara ‘Abduhu, wa hazamal ata-ba wahdahu’.

Meaning: ‘There is no god but Allah. He is single. He has no partners. To Him is all dominion and to Him is all praise. It is He who saves and He who kills and He is powerful over all things. ‘There is no god but Allah. He is single; He has no partners. He fulfills His promise and helps His servant and single-handedly destroys the enemy party. Along with this, other duas can also be recited seeking the welfare of the world and the hereafter.

Muslim, Mishkat Ha/2555; Abu Dawood Ha/1872.

(4) One Sai from Safa to Marwa, another Sai from Marwa to Safa. In this way, Sai will start from Safa and go to Marwa and the seventh Sai will end.

(5) Every time you rise to Safa and Marwa and face the Kaaba, raise your hands and recite the previous prayer. However, it is not necessary to recite the verse ‘Innach Chafa…’ while standing in Marwa.

(6) There is no specific dua in the state of Tawaf and Sa’i. Rather, whoever has memorized the dua, recites it silently. Of course, it is preferable to make the dua mentioned in the Sahih Hadith. The slave will offer all his thoughts to his Lord. Allah knows the hearts of His servants. Ibn Mas’ud and Ibn Umar (RA) read this time: ‘Rabbigfir Warham’ (O Lord! Forgive me and have mercy).

Bayhaqi 5/95 p.

(7) At this time read ‘Subhanallah’ ‘Alhamdulillah’ and ‘Allahu Akbar’ or recite the Quran.

# Wudhu or purity for Sai is not a condition, but mustahab. (Fatawa Ibn Baz 5/264 p.).

## If you get sick in one of the Sais, there is no fault in putting the rest of the Sais in the trolley.

### During Tawaf and Sa’i, a group leader takes out a book and reads aloud while his companions move back and forth. This practice is innovation. It must be abandoned. Just as there is no happiness in reciting dua in unison and loudly without understanding the meaning, it does not make any impression on one’s heart. As a result, no good will be gained from parroting bullies like this. In addition, he will undoubtedly be guilty of disturbing others’ silent prayers and happiness.

#### It is a rule to do Sa’i after Tawaf. But if one does Sa’i before performing Tawaf Ifaaz out of ignorance or by mistake, there is no fault in that.

4. Shaving the head or cutting all the hair short

After the Sai is over, the hair on the head should be cut short or shaved.

During the Farewell Hajj, the Sahabah of Tamattu Kari cut their hair short. It is narrated in the hadith, then all the people became halal and they cut their hair short.

Muslim: 1218.

As such, it is better for Tamattu Haji to cut his hair short after performing Umrah. So that the hair of the head can be shaved after Hajj. If there is no hair on the head then just shave. After cutting or shaving hair, take a shower and wear normal tailored clothes. Will be in halal condition till 8 Zilhaj.

And the women shall deduct from the tip of each hair of the head the amount of a finger’s tax; Not more than that.

Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba: 3/147.

By completing the above tasks, the Umrah of the Muhrim will be completed. If he is a Tamattu Hajj or individual Umrah performer, all that was forbidden for him in the state of Ihram will become lawful for him. If Kiran, on the other hand, is a pilgrim, now he will not cut his hair short or shave his head. Rather, he will be in the state of Ihram until the first halal after stoning on the 10th of Zilhaj (the day of sacrifice).

At this time, you will be engaged in good deeds such as repentance, Istegfar, Salat, Sadaqah, Tawaf, etc. Especially the first ten days of Zilhaj, during which good deeds are rewarded much more than other times.

Special note for women

(1) Women cannot perform Hajj or Umrah without a Mahram partner.

Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat Ha/2513, 2515.

Mahram are 7 people related by blood: (1) father-grandfather (2) son-son and subordinate (3) brother (4) nephew and subordinate (5) sister’s son and subordinate (6) uncle (7) maternal uncle. In addition, dairy-related groups.

4 people related to marriage: (1) husband’s son or grandson (2) husband’s father or grandfather (3) son-in-law, grandson-son-in-law, grandson-in-law (4) mother’s husband or grandmother-grandmothers husband.

(2) Menstruating women will perform all Hajj and Umrah except Tawaf (and Salat).

Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat Ha/2572

(3) If the impurity starts during or after putting on the Ihram of Umrah and does not become ripe before the 8th, then the Hajj will put on the Ihram of Hajj from his place of residence and then he will become a Kiran Hajjkarini for Umrah and Hajj together.

(4) Until he is purified, he will perform all the other rituals of Hajj, except Tawaf, Sa’i, Arafah, Muzdalifa, throwing pebbles in Mina, reciting various Du’a-Darood, performing Qurbani, cutting hair, etc.

(5) If it is impure, the pilgrim will return home without Tawaf.

How to perform Umrah step by step?

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