Fard and Sunnah of Janazah prayer

Fard and Sunnah of Janazah prayer


Fard and Sunnah of Janazah prayer

Bismillahir Rahmani Rahim, today’s topic of discussion is what are the fards and Sunnahs of the Janajah prayer.

Fard of Janazah prayer

There are six obligatory prayers. E.g.

(1) Praying standing 

(2) Giving four takbeers 

(3) To recite Surah Fatiha 

(4) To recite Darud 

(5) Praying in a pure heart for the deceased 

(6) Returning the salutation.

Sunnah of Janazah prayer

The circumcision of the Janazah prayers is five. E.g.

(1) Praying with the congregation 

(2) To have at least three rows 

(3) Standing along with the head of a man and the waist of a girl for an Imam or alone worshiper 

(4) To recite a surah other than Fatiha and the prayers narrated in Hadith 

(5) Standing at the end of the prayer until the Janazah is performed.

Ibn Najjar Al-Futuh, Sharhul Muntaha (Beirut: Dar Khizr 1419/1996) 3 / 55-6 ; Nasai H / 198, 69. 

Everything else is desirable. If three Takbeers are done by mistake, then the Imam will give the fourth Takbeer again. If any Takbeer of the performer is missed, the salutation will be returned with the Takbeer at the end. And if he does not give, there is no fault in it.

Fikbhus Sunnah 1/26.

Things to do before Janazah prayer

The first thing to do for the deceased before the Janazah is to arrange for the repayment of his debt. For this, even if he sells all his assets, he has to do it. If he has nothing, then his close relatives, society, or government will bear the responsibility.

Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 2913, buying and selling ‘Chapter-11,’ Bankruptcy and giving leave to the indebted person ‘paragraph-9.

Caution about Janazah prayer

The Janazah of a great Muslim such as an adulterer, an alcoholic, a thief, a robber, a terrorist, a suicide, an illegitimate child, a grave and idol worshiper, a polytheist, and a heretic (unless he publicly declares disbelief), a betrayer of trusts, etc. No. But ordinary people will read.

Note the explanation of Bulugul Maram H / 542.

The Janazah of the debtor, the suicidal, and the embezzler of Baitul Maal or the property of others was not recited by Rasulullah (sm) himself, but he asked others to recite it.

Bukhari, Mishkat H / 2909; Muslim H / 2309, Bulugul Maram H / 542; Muwatta, Mishkat H / 4011 ‘Jihad’ chapter, ‘Distribution of booty and the consequences of embezzlement in it Article-6. 

It was to teach manners to others on his behalf. 

Ibn Majah H / 1527, ‘Janayez’ Chapter-7, Prayer on Ahlul Qibla ‘Paragraph-31.

(1) In the battle of Khaibar or Hunain, one of the companions of Rasulullah (sm) fought valiantly. When the people praised him highly, the Prophet (sm) said, that person is a resident of Hell. Then someone secretly followed him. It turned out that the man was wounded at one point in the battle. Then he could not bear the pain and committed suicide with his own weapon. Then. The man came running and said, “I bear witness that you are the Messenger of Allah.” Then the Prophet (sm) called everyone and said, no one will enter Paradise except the true believer. Remember that many people practice paradise. But at death it becomes hellish. Again, many people go to hell, but at death, they become a paradise. Then he said, “Surely Allah helps this religion through many sinners.”

Bukhari, Fathul Bari H / 4202-03; Abu Naeem Ishfahani, Dalailun Nabuwat H / 259. 

GOD says, “Do not kill yourselves.” Surely Allah is ever Merciful to you.

Nisa 4/29

(2) When one of the companions of Rasulullah (sm) was killed in the battle of Khaibar, he said, “Read the Janazah of your companion.” When they were upset, Rasulullah (sm) said to them, “Your companion has betrayed Allah.” A later search turned up a small stone pendant with a hole in the Jew’s necklace (which was booty) in his bag. Whose value is less than two dirhams?

Muwatta, Abu Dawood, Nasai, Mishkat H / 4011; Ibn Majah H / 2648, Sanad Sahih.

(3) When slave Mid’am, who was sent as a gift to Rasulullah (sm), was killed in the battle of Khaibar, when people started telling him the good news of his paradise, Rasulullah (sm) said angrily, never. By God! The sheet he stole from the booty will burn him.

Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 3998, ‘Jihad’ Chapter-19, Paragraph-6.

(4) Another hadith says, ‘The believer’s knuckles hang with his debt and he will not enter Paradise until his debt is paid.

Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Daremi, Ahmad, Mishkat H / 2915, 2929.

(5) Those who deceive their partners or embezzle the land and property of others by force or deceit should not perform the Janazah of a pious scholar. Because Rasulullah (sm) said, the person who unjustly occupies someone’s land, on the Day of Resurrection seven layers of land will be put around his neck as a shackle.

Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H / 2938,’ Purchase-Sale ‘Chapter-11, Paragraph-11.

According to another narration, he will be forced to carry the burden of that soil on his head on the Day of Resurrection.

Ahmad, Mishkat H / 2959, Purchase-Sale ‘Chapter-11, Paragraph-11; Sahihah H / 242. 

The above persons are Kabir sinners. But the person who intentionally neglects the prayer is called a ‘kaafir’ in the hadith.

Muslim, Mishkat H / 589; Tirmidhi, Nasai, Ibn Majah, Mishkat H / 574.

So how can his Janazah be read? May Allah guide us – Amen.

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