Rules of Taraweeh prayer. How to pray Taraweeh?


Rules of Taraweeh prayer. How to pray Taraweeh?

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim; Rules of Taraweeh prayer: Today we will discuss Taraweeh and Tahajjud, that is, the method of performing night prayers. There are a total of six methods of performing night prayers from Sahih Hadith. It is legal to resort to any of them. The methods are discussed:

Rules of Taraweeh prayer

First method: 13 Rakats

It will start by reading two Rakats lightly. According to the predominant opinion, these two Rakats are the two Rakats of Sunnah after the obligatory prayer of Isha or the specific two Rakats of salat through which the Prophet (sm) used to start the night prayer. As in the past. Then perform two very long Rakats. Then two Rakats less than this will be recited. And then two Rakats less than before will be recited. Then two Rakats less than that will be recited. Then two Rakats less than this will be read. And then one Rakat of Vitr will be recited. 

Second method: 13 Rakats

I will recite eight Rakats in pairs and return the salutation after every two Rakats. Then five Rakats of Vitr will be recited. Only sit in the fifth rak’ah and return the salutation.

Third method: 11 Rakats

Salam will be returned in the middle of every two Rakats and one Rakat of Vitr will be recited.

Fourth method: 11 Rakats. 

The first four Rakats will be in one salam and then the next four Rakats will be in another salam. Then three Rakats of Vitr will be recited. Did Rasulullah (sm) sit between these two Rakats of four and three Rakats? We do not get any satisfactory answer in this regard. However, sitting after two Rakats in the three Rakat Vitr prayers is not by the Shari’ah.

Fifth method: 11 Rakats will be read

He will perform eight Rakats continuously and will sit in the 8th Rakat and will stand without reciting the durood of Tashahhud and the Prophet (peace be upon him) Then he will recite one Rakat of Vitr and return the salutation. This is nine rak’ahs. Then he will sit down and perform two rak’ahs. 

Sixth method: 9 Rakats will be read. 

After reciting six Rakats continuously, he will sit in the sixth Rakat, then he will recite the durood on Tashahhud and the Prophet (sm) and will stand without returning the salutation according to the previous opinion. Then he will recite one Rakat of Vitr and return the salutation. This is seven Rakats. Then sit down and recite two Rakats. 

Vitr salat

These methods have been proved by Rasulullah (sm) through clear narrations or documents. Other methods can be added to these methods by reducing the number of Rakats from each type to one Rakat. To act on the following words of the Prophet (sm). He said, “Whoever wants to recite five Rakats of Vitr, whoever wants to recite three Rakats of Vitr, and whoever wants to recite one Rakat of Vitr.

Tahabi, H / 1603; Hakeem, H / 1128; Darakutni, H / 160; Bayhaqi, H / 46

If you want these five and three Rakats of Vitr, you will perform it in one sitting and one salutation. As described in the second method. And if he wants, he will return the salutation after every two Rakats. As described in the third and other methods. And this is the best.

Ibn Khuzaymah, after quoting the hadith narrated by Ayesha (R) and others in one of the methods mentioned in his Sahih book (2/194, H / 118, ‘Salat Chapter), said, “How many Rakats of night prayer should be performed from Rasulullah (sm) and how to perform it?” It has been narrated that it is permissible for people to read the desirable number. It is not forbidden for anyone to collect any number. (Albani said) My point is that the decision we have taken to hold the number of Rakats from the Prophet (sm) which has been proved to be Saheeh and not to increase the number of Rakats more than that, is completely in favor of Ibn Khuzaymah’s opinion. All praise is due to Allah for giving tawfiq. I wish her more grace. 

On the other hand, we have not received any proof from the Prophet (sm) that every two Rakats of the five and three Rakat Vitr prayers should be interrupted and the salaam should not be returned. However, the main point is permissible. But when the Prophet (sm) forbade reciting three Rakats of Vitr like Maghrib and explaining the reason, he said that you should not equate Vitr prayer with Maghrib.

Tahabi, H / 1838, paragraph ‘Vitr’; Darakutni, H / 189; Sahih Ibn Hibban, H / 2429 ‘Vitr’ paragraph. 

The person who will recite three Rakats of Vitr must come out of this similarity. And it can happen in two ways: 

1. Returning salutations between even and odd. This is the strongest and best. 

2. Not sitting between even and odd. GOD is fully aware.

The Niyat of Taraweeh prayer

Niyat means the determination of the mind. And its place is the heart; Not the face. None of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and his Companions uttered any specific words. So it is a Bidat to pronounce it orally. Moreover, there are no restrained words for intention.

God the Almighty said,

They were not instructed except that they should worship Allah sincerely, establish Salat, and pay Zakat. That is the true religion.

Quran 96/5

Narrated Al-Qamamah Ibn Waqqas Al-Laisi: He said:

I heard ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (R) standing on the pulpit and say: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) say: Work (will be due) according to intention. And man will be rewarded according to his intention. So whoever migrates for the sake of gaining this world or to marry a woman – but his migration will be for the purpose for which he migrated. 

Sahih Bukhari Hadith No. 1

It is to be noted that if one intends all the prayers at the beginning of Taraweeh, then that is enough. It is not necessary to make an intention in every 2 rak’ahs. However, if someone leaves the prayers and starts reading them again, a new intention is needed. It is important to note that this is not the case. But reading is a Bidat.

In the context of intention, it is important to note that it is obligatory for every Muslim to have faith in Allah, hope for His reward, and perform any act of worship only for the sake of His satisfaction. It is shirk to perform any act of worship to show or glorify someone, or just blindly imitating the sight of people, or imitating the country or family environment.

Recitation of Taraweeh prayer

The Prophet used to make the resurrection of the night very long. Mother Ayesha (R) said that the Prophet (PBUH) used to pray 4 Rakats. So you do not ask about the beauty and length of that prayer. (That is, it would have been very beautiful and long.) Then he would pray 4 Rakats. So you do not ask about the beauty and length of that prayer. Then he would pray 3 Rakats (Witr). 

Bu: 1148

Hudhayfah said that once he recited Surah Al-Baqarah, Al-Imran, and Nisa slowly in one Rakat.

Muslim 72, Nasai 1008, 1132

In the time of Hazrat Umar, the Salaf used to recite the Taraweeh prayer at length. He used to recite about 300 verses in full prayers. Even because of this long Qiyam, many would lean on their sticks and return home shortly before Fajr. At that time, the servants would rush to get food, fearing that it would not be possible to eat Sehri. They used to recite Surah Al-Baqarah in 8 rak’ahs and when it was recited in 12 rak’ahs, it was thought that the prayer became lighter.

Md. 249, 251, 252, Mr. 1/408 Albani’s note

Ibn Qudaamah said that Imam Ahmad said that in the month of Ramadan (Taraweeh prayer) one should recite in such a way that it is light for the people and does not hurt anyone. Long Qiraat should not be done especially on short nights (summer). In fact, prayers should be as long as people can carry them. 

Mugni 2/179

The Qur’an ends with Taraweeh prayer

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah be pleased with him) said about concluding the Qur’an in the Taraweeh prayer: However, I do not know of any document which can be used to say that it is better to finish the Qur’an in Taraweeh prayer. However, some Ulama says that the Imam should recite the whole Qur’an; So that the congregation (at least once a year) has the good fortune to hear the full Qur’an. But this argument is not a clear document. 

So what is important is that the Imam should be humble in his recitation, reciting the Qur’an slowly and calmly, even if he cannot finish it; Even if you can’t read half or two-thirds, you will try to benefit the Muktadis. Since finishing the Qur’an is not an urgent task; It is important to benefit the people by creating humility through Qiraat in their prayers.

So that they may benefit and be satisfied with that prayer and recitation. Of course, if it is possible to finish the Qur’an with it, then Al-Hamdu Lillah. If not possible then what he has read is enough; Although some parts of the Qur’an remain. This is because it is more important to take special care of the Imam’s Muqtadis than to finish the Qur’an, to make every effort to make them humble in the prayers, and to benefit them by satisfying them in the prayers. Even so, if they finish the Qur’an without any difficulty and can recite the whole Qur’an to them, 

Salata 11-12 p

Needless to say, the Imam needs to take care of the condition of the Muqtadis. For, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “When one of you prays for the people, let him light it. Because, among them, there are angry, weak, and old lakes. Of course, when one of them prays alone, he can make it as long as he wants.

Buh 603, Muh 48

Read Taraweeh beautifully without rushing

It is not proper for an imam to rush into prayer and end a deceptive prayer like eating crow’s grain. Since the Holy Prophet and his Companions used to recite these prayers at great length, as discussed before. The Prophet’s Ruku ‘and sajdah (peace be upon him) were almost as long as his Qiyam. And he was in prostration for such a long time that at that time about 50 verses could be recited. 

Bukhari 1123

So it inspires us to do our best to make our Taraweeh prayers as close to their prayers as possible. We will also lengthen the recitation, reciting Tasbeeh and Dua more and more in the Ruku, sajdah, and the Qawma and sitting in between. So that even a small amount of humility may be felt in our minds; That humility is the soul and the brain of prayer. We should accept the Sunnah of this prayer from both its method, features, and quantity (quality and quantity). Therefore we will adopt the beauty and length of the prayers as much as we can; For example, I accept the number of Rakats. Needless to say, the main purpose is not just to perform the duty of performing rak’ah without humility, presence of mind, and slowness.

On the other hand, excessive haste in prayer is not valid. Moreover, if any wajib or Rukon of the prayer is not performed properly in a hurry, then the prayer itself will be canceled. But the Imam does not just pray for himself. He prays (leads) for himself and his Muqtadis. So he is like Ali (guardian). It is obligatory for him to do so, which maintains slowness and stability in the prayers.

It is obligatory and essential to be slow and steady in prayer. Whoever rejects it, his prayer will be considered void. Since the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) once saw a person praying impatiently and restlessly, he ordered him to repeat the prayer and taught him that it is obligatory to be gentle and steady between the Ruku, sajdah, Qawma, and two sajdah. 

Bu: 756, Bu: 397

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: The prayer of a person who does not straighten his back in bowing and prostration is not enough.

Suah, Ginger: 655 No., Aah, Saja: 6224

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: The worst thief is the one who steals his prayer. The people said, O Messenger of Allah, how can you steal the prayer? He said, “Do not bow and prostrate completely.”

Isha: No. 2960 Taba, H. 1229, Ma, A., Saja: No. 96

He added that Allah does not look at the prayer of a servant who does not straighten his spine in bowing and prostration.

Isha: 2956, Ima: AH, Sis: 2536 no

Recitation of three Rakats of Vitr

It is Sunnah to recite Surah Al-A’la in the first Rakat of Vitr, Surah Kafirun in the second Rakat and Surah Ikhlas in the third Rakat. 

Nasai, H / 1629-31, Nafl Salat of Night and Day Chapter-20, Paragraph-48; 

Hakeem, H / 1144 ‘Vitar’ chapter. 

Hakeem called the hadith Saheeh.

Sometimes it will be accompanied by Surah Falaq and Nas.

Tirmidhi, H / 473, ‘Vitr’ Chapter-3, ‘Vitr’s Qiraat’ Paragraph-9; 

Hakeem, H / 1144. 

Hakeem called the hadith Saheeh and Zahabi supported it.

It is narrated from Rasoolullah (sm) in Sahih Sutra that he once recited one hundred verses of Surah An-Nisa in one rak’ah of Vitr.

Nasai, H / 1628, Nafl Salat of Night and Day Chapter-20, Qiraat of Vitr Paragraph-48; 

Ahmad, H / 1975, 

Sanad Sahih.

Dua Qunoot and its place of recitation

After completing the recitation, Qunoot will sometimes be recited before the Ruku ‘through the Dua which the Prophet (peace be upon him) taught to his grandson Hasan bin Ali (RA). The two are:

Pronunciation: Alla-hummahdini fiman hadayata, wa a-fini fiman ‘a fayta, wa tawallani fiman tawallaita, wa ba-rikli fima’ atbayata, wa kini sharra ma qayyata; Fainnaka takrzi wa la yukriya ‘alayka, wa innahu la yazilu ma’o wa-laita, wa la yaizh man’ a-dayata, taba-rakta rabbana wa ta-laita. 

Translation: O Allah! Guide me also into the path of those whom Thou hast guided. Forgive me as one of those whom You have forgiven. Be my guardian among those whom you have guarded. Bless me for what you have given me. Save me from the evil of the decision you have made. Because you decide, no one can decide against you. Whoever you befriend will never be humiliated. And he with whom you have enmity will never be honored. O our Lord! You are blessed and supreme.

Abu Dawood, H / 1425, salat chapter-2, ‘Kunut of Vitr’ paragraph-340; 

Tirmizi, H / 474, ‘Vitr’ Chapter-3, Paragraph-10; 

Nasai, H / 1845, Nafl Salat of Night and Day Chapter-20, ‘Dua of Vitr Paragraph-51;

Sometimes Rasoolullah (sm) will recite Darood. 

There is no problem in reciting Qunoot after Ruku and reciting Qunoot in the second half of Ramadan, cursing the disbelievers, reciting Darood on Rasulullah (sm), and increasing the dua for Muslims. This has been proven by the Imams in the time of Umar (R). Abdur Rahman bin Abdul Qari has come at the end of the narrated hadith. They say this prayer while cursing the disbelievers in the second half of Ramadan

Pronunciation: Alla-humma kratilil kafaratallaina yasuduna ‘an sabilika, wa yukazibrna rusulaka, wala yuminuna biwadika wa kha-lif bayna kalima tihim, wa alki fi kubihimur ruba, wa alki alaihim. 

Translation: O Allah! You destroy the disbelievers. Those who block your way, disbelieve in your messengers and do not believe in your promise. Thou shalt cause dissension among them, and cause fear in their hearts, and O God of truth! Impose your punishment on them. Then he would recite Darood to Rasulullah (sm) and pray for the welfare of Muslims as much as possible. Then he would ask forgiveness for the believers.

The narrator said that after cursing the disbelievers, reciting Darood to the Prophet (sm), asking for forgiveness for the believing men and women, and asking for himself, he (Ubayy bin Kab) used to say:

Pronunciation: Allahumma ya-ka na’budu, walaka nusalli wa nasjudu, wa ilaika nas’a wa nahfidu, wa narju rahmataka rabbana, wa nakha-fu ‘aza-bakal jidda, inna’ aza-baka liman ‘adayata.

Translation: O Allah! We worship you alone, perform salat and prostrate for you. We do our best to get back to you. O our Lord! We seek your mercy and fear your severe punishment. May your torment befall him who hated you. Then he would prostrate with Takbeer.

Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, 2 / 155-156, H / 1100. 

Dua to be recited at the end of Vitr

It is Sunnah to recite these two at the end of Vitr (before or after Salam)

Pronunciation: Alla-humma inni aujubika birika min sakhatbika, wa bimuafatika min ukbatika, wa a’uju bika min ka, la uhshi chanaan alayka, anta kama achnayata ‘ala nafsika. Translation: O Allah! I seek refuge from your wrath through your satisfaction and from your punishment through your forgiveness. I seek refuge in you through you. And I can’t count your compliments. The way you compliment yourself applies to you.

Abu Dawood, H / 1428, ‘Kunut of Vitr’ paragraph-340; 

Ibn Majah, H / 1179, Chapter 5, ‘Qunoot of Vitr’ Paragraph-116; 

Irwaul Galil, H / 430, Hadith Sahih.

After returning the salutation of Vitr (three times) he will say ‘Subhanal Malikil Quddus’ in his voice and the third time he will say it with a long pull.

Abu Dawood, H / 1430, ‘Dua after Vitr Paragraph-341; Nasai, H / 1899, 1601, Chapter-20, Paragraph-37, Hadith Sahih.

May Allah Ta’ala grant us the tawfiq to understand and act properly. Allahumma Amin.

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