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How to pray Laylatul Qadr prayer?
Bismillahir Rahmani Rahim; InshAllah today I will discuss the rules of performing Qiyamul Lail or night Nafal Salat in the last decade of Ramadan, especially on odd nights in order to obtain the virtues of Lailatul Qadr.
How many rakats of the Laylatul Qadr prayer?
A total of six methods of night prayer are found in Sahih Hadith in terms of the number of rakats. It is valid to adopt any of them. Methods discussed are:
First Method: 13 Rakat
Begin it by lightly praying two rak’ahs. According to the most prominent opinion, these two rak’ats are the two rak’ats sunnah after the obligatory Esha prayer or the specific two rak’ats of prayer with which the Prophet (PBUH) used to start the night prayer. Then perform two extremely long rak’ahs. Then two rak’ahs shorter than this will be recited. And Then two rak’ahs will be recited less than before. After that, two rak’ahs will be recited that are less long than that. Then two rakats shorter than this will be recited. Then one rakat of Witr will be recited.
Second Method: 13 Rakat
Eight rak’ats will be recited two by two and salam will be returned after every two rak’ats. After that five rakat Witr will be recited. Only sit in the fifth rak’ah and return the salam.
Third method: 11 Rakat
Ten rak’ats will be recited two by two and after every two rak’ats the salam will be returned and one rak’at Witr will be recited.
Fourth Method: 11 Rakat
Among them, the first four rak’ats will be recited in one salam, then the next four rak’ats will be recited in one salam. Then three rakats of Witr will be recited. Rasulullah (PHUB) used to sit between the two rakats of these four and three rakats? We do not get any satisfactory answer in this regard. However, sitting after two rakats in the three rakat Witr Salah is not Shariah compliant.
Fifth Method: 11 Rakat
After performing eight consecutive rakats, he will sit in the 8th rakat and after reciting Tashahhud and the blessing of the Prophet, he will stand without returning the salam. After that one rakat Witr will be recited and salam will be returned. This is nine rakat. Then sit and offer two rak’ats.
Sixth method: 9 Rakat
He will read six rakats consecutively and sit in the sixth rakat, then recite Tashahhud and bless the Prophet (PHUB) and stand up without returning the salam as before. After that, one rakat of Witr will be recited and Salam will be returned. This is seven rak’ahs. Then sit and read two rakats.
These methods have been proven through clear evidence from the Prophet (PBUH). Other types can be added to these methods in such a way that each type reduces the number of rak’ats as desired to one rak’at Witr, in order to follow the following words of the Prophet (PBUH). He said, whoever wants to pray five rak’at Witr, whoever wants to pray three rak’at Witr and whoever wants to pray one rak’at Witr.
Tahawi, Ha/1603; Hakem, Ha/1128; Darakutni, Ha/1660; Bayhaqi, Ha/4776
If you want five and three rakat Witr, you will perform it in one meeting and one salam; As described in the second method; if you wish, after every two rak’ats, return the salam and recite one rak’at at the end; As described in the third and other methods. And that is the best.
Ibn Khuzayma in his Sahih book (2/194, Ha/1168, ‘Salat Chapter) after quoting the hadiths narrated by Aisha (RA) and others, said, “Performing the night prayer as many rak’ahs from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and the manner in which it is performed.” It has been narrated that the preferred number is permissible for people to recite. There is no prohibition for anyone to earn any of its numbers. (Albani said) My point is that the decision we have preferred to adhere to the number of rak’ahs that have been proven valid from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and not to exceed the number of rak’ahs is completely in favor of Ibn Khuzayma’s opinion. All praises to Almighty Allah for giving Tawfeek. I wish him more grace.
On the other hand, we did not find evidence from the Prophet (PBUH) about sitting and not returning salam every two rakats of the five and three rakat Witr prayers. But the main thing is permissible. But when the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade praying three rak’ahs of Witr like Maghrib and explaining the reason, he said, “You do not compare Witr Salat with Maghrib.”
Tahawi, Ha/1738, ‘Witar’ paragraph; Darakutani, Ha/1669; Sahih Ibn Hibban, Ha/2429 ‘Witar’ paragraph.
A person who prays three rak’ahs of Witr must come out of this similitude. And it can be done in two ways:
1. Returning salam between the second and third rakat. It is the most powerful and the best.
2. Do not sit between the second and third rakat. Allah knows best.
The intention of the Lailatul Qadr prayer
Niyat means a determination of mind. And its place is the heart; not the face The Holy Prophet and none of his companions used to utter any specific word; So it is innovative to pronounce it in the mouth; Moreover, there is no restrictive wording for intention.
Almighty Allah says:
They were not instructed except that they should worship Allah sincerely with a pure heart, establish prayer and give zakat; This is the right religion.
And the Holy Prophet said,
All actions depend on intention and man deserves what he intends.
Sahih Bukhari Hadith No. 1
It should be noted that if one makes the intention of all the prayers once at the beginning of the prayer, then that is sufficient; It is not necessary to make Niyat every 2 raka’at; Of course, if someone abandons it for some reason while reading the prayer and starts reciting it, a new intention is needed; The point of caution is that planning is essential; But reading is heresy.
Lailatul Qadr prayer Qirat
I would like to present a few hadiths about how the night prayer of the Prophet was.
Abu Salama Ibn Abdur Rahman said:
He once asked Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) how the Prophet’s (may peace be upon him) night prayer of Ramadan was. He replied that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not pray more than 11 rakats in the month of Ramadan and outside of Ramadan. And He used to pray (2+2) four rakat first. You (Abu Salama) do not ask about her beauty and length. Then he used to pray (2+2) four rakats. You don’t ask about her beauty and length. Then he used to pray three rakats (Witr).
Sahih Muslim 2013
On the authority of Nu’aym Ibn Ziyad Abu Talha:
He said, I heard Numan Ibn Bashir (RA) standing on the pulpit of a place called Hims, saying, We once prayed the Taraweeh prayer with the Messenger of Allah (SAW) until the first third of the twenty-third night of the month of Ramadan. Then on the twenty-fifth night, I prayed the Taraweeh prayer with him until midnight. Again, I started performing the Taraweeh prayer with him on the twenty-seventh night as well. We even feared that we would not get “Falah”. Companions used to call Sahri Falah.
Sunan an-Nasa’i 1606
Narrated by Huzayfa (RA):
He said, I prayed with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) one night; He started Surah Baqarah, I said to myself that maybe he will recite a hundred verses and go to Ruku, But he continued reciting, I said to myself, maybe he will recite two hundred verses and go to Ruku, but he continued reciting. I said to myself, maybe he will recite the complete surah in one rak’ah. But he continued reciting and started reciting Surah “Nisa” too. Then he started reciting Surah “Ale-Imran” and that too.
He recited slowly. If he had recited any verse that contained Tasbeeh, he would have recited Tasbeeh, and if he had recited a verse of wishful thinking, he would have wished. If an outcast had recited the verses seeking refuge from Satan, he would have sought refuge. Then he would bow down and say, “Subahana Rabbial Azim.” His bowing was almost equal to his Qiyam. Later he would raise his head and say “Sami Allahu Liman Hamida”. His standing was almost equal to his bowing. Then he would prostrate and say, “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la”. His Sijda was almost equal to his Ruku.
Sunan an-Nasa’i 1664
Praying beautifully without hurrying
The Holy Prophet s.a.w. and his Companions used to pray the night prayer very long; As discussed earlier. The Prophet’s bowing and prostration were almost as long as his Qiyam; for such a long period of time, he would remain in prostration that about 50 verses could be recited during that time.
So this motivates us to try our best to make our night prayer close to their prayer; We will also lengthen the Qirat, and recite more Tasbeeh and dua in the Ruku, Sijdah, and the Qoma and sitting; So that we feel a little bit of humility; That humility is the soul and brain of prayer; We should accept the Sunnah of this prayer in terms of both its method, characteristics and quantity (quality and quantity); Therefore we will adopt beauty and length of prayer according to our ability; As we accept the number of rakat. Needless to say, performing the duty of rakat without modesty, presence of mind and slowness is not the main objective.
On the other hand, excessive haste in prayer is not permissible. Moreover, if any wajib or Rukan of the prayer is not performed correctly in haste, then the prayer itself will be invalidated.
It is fard and essential to be slow and steady in prayer; Whoever rejects it, his prayer will be nullified; Because the Holy Prophet once saw a person who was impatient and restless while praying and ordered him to return the prayer and taught that it is wajib to adopt Ruku, sajdah, Qawma and slowness and stability between the two Sajdah in the prayer.
Buh 757, Muh 397
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said, “The prayer of the person who does not straighten his back in bowing and prostrating is not sufficient.”
Adabul Mufrad 855
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said, The worst thief is the one who steals his prayers; People said, O Messenger of Allah, how will you steal the prayer? He said, without fully bowing and prostrating.
Ibn Abi Shayba 2960, Tabarani 1229
He also said, Allah, does not look at the prayer of a servant who does not straighten his spine in bowing and prostrating.
Iasha: 2957, Imam: A, Sis: 2536 no
Qirat of Three Rakats Witr
It is Sunnah to recite Surah Al-A’la in the first rak’at of the three rak’at Witr, Surah Kafirun in the second rak’at, and Surah Ikhlas in the third rak’at.
Nasa’i, Ha/1729-31, Night and Day Nafal Salat Chapter-20, Paragraph-47; Hakem, Ha/1144 ‘Witar’ chapter. Hakem called the hadith Saheeh.
Sometimes Surah Falak and Nas will be read along with it.
At-Tirmidhi, Ha/463, ‘Witar’ chapter-3, ‘Quiraat of Witar’ paragraph-9; Hakem, Ha/1144. Hakem called the hadith Sahih and al-Dahabi supported him.
It is narrated in a Sahih source from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) that he once recited one hundred verses of Surah Nisa in one rak’ah of Witr.
Nasa’i, Ha/1728, Night and Day Nafal Salat Chapter-20, Qira’at of Witr Chapter-46; Ahmad, Ha/19775, Sanad Sahih.
Dua Qunut and its place of recitation
At the end of the last rak’at, before the Ruku, the Qur’an is sometimes recited through the Dua, which the Prophet (PBUH) taught his grandson Hasan bin Ali (RA). The two are:
Pronunciation: Alla-hummahdini fiman hadayta, wa a-fini fiman ‘a fayta, wa tawallani fiman tawallayata, wa ba-rikli fima ‘atwayta, wa kini sharra ma qavayata; Faynaka takrizi wa la yuqrya ‘alayka, wa innahu la yazilu mao wa-layta, wa la yayizh maan ‘a-dayta, taba-rakta rabbana wa taa-layta.
Translation: O Allah! Count me among those whom You have guided, and guide them. Count me among those whom You have forgiven. Among those whom you have been guardians, be my guardians. Bless me with what You have bestowed upon me. Save me from the evil that you have decreed. Because you decide, no one can decide against you. Whomever you befriend, he can never be insulted. And with whom you are enmity, he can never be honored. O our Lord! You are blessed and supreme.
Abu Dawud, Ha/1425, Salaat Chapter-2, ‘Qunut of Witar’ Paragraph-340; At-Tirmidhi, Ha/464, ‘Witar’ Chapter-3, Paragraph-10; Nasa’i, Ha/1745, Night and Day Nafal Salat Chapter-20, ‘Du’a of Witar Paragraph-51.
Sometimes he will recite blessings on the Messenger of Allah (PBUH).
There is no problem in reciting Qunut after Ruku and adding dua of Qunut in the second half of Ramadan with the curse (curse) on the infidels, reciting durood on Rasulullah (SAW) and dua for Muslims. It is proven from the Imams did so during the time of Umar. It comes at the end of the hadith narrated by Abdur Rahman bin Abdul Qari. They used to curse the disbelievers in the second half of Ramadan by saying:
Pronunciation: Allah-Humma Kritilil Kafaratallazinah Yashuduna ‘an Sabilika, wa Yukazibrina Rusulaka, wala yuminuna biwadika wa kha-lif bayna kalima tihim, wa alki fi qubihimur ruba, wa alki alaihim rizzaka wa azabaka ilahal haq.
Translation: O Allah! You destroy the disbelievers. Those who block Your way, disbelieve in Your sent messengers and do not believe in Your promises. You cause division in their ranks, strike terror into their hearts, and O Lord of Truth! Determine your punishment for them. Then he used to recite durood on the Prophet (PBUH) and pray for the welfare of the Muslims as much as he could. Then he used to ask for forgiveness for the believers.
The narrator said, after cursing the infidels, reciting blessings on the Prophet (PBUH), asking for forgiveness for the believing men and women, and asking for himself, he (Ubai bin Ka’b) used to say:
Pronunciation : Allahumma yaya-ka na’budu, walaka nuchalli wa nasjudu, wa ilaika nas’a wa nahfidu, wa narju rahmataka rabbana, wa nakha-fu ‘aza-bakal jidda, inna ‘aza-baqa liman ‘adaita mulhaq.
Translation: O Allah! You alone do we worship, pray and prostrate for You. We make every effort to get back to you. O our Lord! We seek Your mercy and fear Your severe punishment. To him who harbored enmity with you, your chastisement is assigned. Then he would go into prostration with Takbeer.
Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, 2/155-156, Ha/1100.
Dua is to be recited at the end of the prayer
It is Sunnah to recite these two verses at the end of Witr (before or after Salam).
Pronunciation: Alla-humma inni aujubika birika min sakhatika, wa bimuafatika min uqbatika, wa a’uzu bika min ka, la uhchi chanaan alayka, anta kama achnaita ‘ala nafsika.
Translation: O Allah! I seek refuge from Your anger through Your satisfaction and from Your punishment through Your forgiveness. I seek refuge in You through You. And I cannot count your praises. The way you appreciate yourself, the same applies to you.
Abu Dawud, Ha/1427, ‘Qunut of Witar’ paragraph-340; Ibn Majah, Ha/1179, Chapter 5, ‘Qunut of Witr’ paragraph-117; Irwaul Galil, Ha/430, Hadith Sahih.
After returning the salam of Witr (three times) say ‘Subhanal Malikil Quddus’ in a loud voice and say the third time in a long drawl.
Abu Dawud, Ha/1430, ‘Dua after Witr para-341; Nasa’i, Ha/1699,1701, Chapter-20, Paragraph-37, Hadith Sahih.
May Allah Ta’ala grant us Tawfiq to understand and act correctly; Allahumma Amen.
How to pray Laylatul Qadr prayer?
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