Niyyat for fasting in Ramadan in English


Niyyat for fasting in Ramadan in English

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim – Niyyat for fasting. There are two pillars of fasting; The first of which is intention. The intention of fasting is the determination of the heart to fast in order to fulfill the command of Allah Almighty.

Allah the Almighty said,

They were not instructed except that they should worship Allah sincerely, establish Salat, and pay Zakat. This is the right religion.

Quran 96/5

And the Prophet said,

All actions depend on intention and man deserves what he intends.

Sahih Bukhari Hadith No. 1

Therefore, it is obligatory for the person who is fasting (such as Ramadan, Qaya, or Kaffarar) to make niyyat. And the intention is the work of the heart; It has nothing to do with the face. Its reality is to obey the command of Allah Almighty and to do any work for the purpose of gaining His satisfaction. Needless to say, it is a bidat to read Nawaitu an Asuma Gadam Min Shahri Ramazan. In fact, the person who knows in his mind that he will fast tomorrow, and then he will eat sehri for the purpose of fasting, will become his intention. Accordingly, the person who, with a pure heart for Allah, decides to abstain from all kinds of things during the day (from dawn to sunset) will have his intention, even if he has not had the opportunity to eat sehri.

Of course, it must be done before Fajr. But if you do it in any part of the night, it is enough and valid.

Hafsa (R) said,

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: The person who did not intend to fast before Fajr did not fast. 

Jame At-Tirmidhi Hadith No. 630

On the other hand, in the case of ordinary Nafl Ramadan; it is not a condition to observe it from the night. On the contrary, if you do not eat anything after the dawn of Fajr, even if you intend it during the day, it will be enough.

Aisha (R) said,

Once the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to me and said, ‘Do you have anything?’ I said no. He said, “Then I am fasting.” Then another day he came to us. We said, O Messenger of Allah! dates mixed with ghee and cheese have been sent to us as gifts. He said, “Show me that. I am fasting.” Then he ate it.

Sahih Muslim Hadith No. 2605

Moreover, in the case of certain nafl (such as Arafa and Ashura) fasting, the precautionary action is to observe it from night tonight.

For Ramadan fasting, there is no need to renew the intention every night of Ramadan. Rather, it is enough to make the intention to fast once a month at the beginning of Ramadan. So if it is assumed that a person fell asleep on a certain day of Ramadan before sunset. Then he woke up the next day after dawn. That is, he did not get a chance to fast on this day at night. But still his fast will be pure. Because, at the beginning of the month, he intended to fast for the whole month.

Yes, but if a person has broken his intention by not fasting due to travel, illness, or any other excuse, it is necessary to renew his intention to fast again after the excuse has been removed. 

The person who decided to eat or drink again decided that he would be patient. So he did not eat or drink. The opinion of such a person will not be wasted just because of his desire and determination to eat and drink. And this work is like that of a person who does not speak after wishing to speak in prayer or does not perform ablution after wanting to do so (leaving the air). Just as this prayer will not invalidate the prayer and its ablution will be pure as a result of this desire of the worshiper, similarly, after the desire of the fasting person to eat and drink, his fasting will not be invalidated. Since the principle is that a person who intends to do something forbidden in worship but does not do so in practice, his worship is not wasted.

On the other hand, a person who breaks his intention thinking that he will not fast, his fast is void. As the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “All actions depend on intention and man deserves what he intends.

Sahih Bukhari Hadith No. 1

If a fasting person becomes an apostate, even if he repents immediately, his fast will be broken. Because the work of the idols destroys and separates the intention of worship. And there is no disagreement in this regard.

It is important to note that it is obligatory for every Muslim to believe in Allah; to hope for his reward, and to fast only for the sake of His satisfaction. Fasting should not be done for the purpose of showing off or showing off to someone, or just blindly imitating the sight of people, or imitating the country or family environment. (For example, fasting is for the benefit of the body and health). Rather, it is obligatory for him to urge her to fast in the belief that Allah Almighty has made it obligatory on her, and that she observes it and hopes for a reward from Him. 

Narrated by Abu Hurairah

He said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Whoever observes the fast of Ramadan in the hope of virtue with faith, his previous sins are forgiven.

Sahih Bukhari Hadith No. 36

Therefore, the purpose of fasting is not the exercise of body or health after enduring hunger and suffering, but the practice of the soul on giving up the beloved for the sake of gaining the pleasure of Allah.

The most beloved things to be abandoned in the kingdom are food and sexual intercourse. And that is the desire of the soul. The satisfaction of the beloved is the satisfaction of the Almighty. So let us keep in mind that we will give up that desire-destroying object in the hope of gaining the pleasure of Allah Almighty.

Niyyat for fasting