How to perform Laylatul Qadr prayer
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim; Laylatul Qadr prayer: Today we will discuss performing Qiyamul Lail or night prayers in the last ten days of Ramadan, especially in the hope of gaining the virtues of Lailatul Qadr.
Rules for performing Laylatul Qadr prayer
There are six methods of performing night prayers from Sahih Hadith. It is legal to resort to any of them. The methods discussed are:
First method: 13 rak’ats
It will start by reading two rak’ats lightly. According to the predominant view, these two rak’ats are the two rak’ats of Sunnah after the obligatory prayer of Isha or the specific two rak’ats through which the Prophet (sm) used to start the night prayer. As in the past. Then perform two very long rak’ats. Then two rak’ats less than this will be recited. And then two rak’ats less than before will be recited. Then two rak’ats less than that will be recited. Then two rak’ats less than this will be read. And then one rak’at of Vitr will be recited.
Second method: 13 rak’ats
I will recite eight rak’ats in pairs and return the salutation after every two rak’ats. Then five rak’ats of Vitr will be recited. Only sit in the fifth rak’ah and return the salutation.
Third method: 11 rak’ats
Salam will be returned in the middle of every two rak’ats and one rak’at of Vitr will be recited.
Fourth method: 11 rak’ats
The first four rak’ats will be in one salam and then the next four rak’ats will be in one salam. Then three rak’ats of Vitr will be recited. Did Rasulullah (sm) sit between these two rak’ats of four and three rak’ats? We do not get any satisfactory answer in this regard. However, sitting after two rak’ats in the three rak’at Vitr prayer is not in accordance with the Shari’ah.
Fifth method: 11 rak’ats
He will perform eight rak’ats continuously and will sit in the 8th rak’at and will stand without reciting the darood of Tashahhud and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Then he will recite one rak’at of Vitr and return the salutation. This is nine rak’ahs. Then he will sit down and perform two rak’ahs.
Sixth method: 9 rak’ats
After reciting six rak’ats continuously, he will sit in the sixth rak’at, then he will recite the darood on Tashahhud and the Prophet (sm) and will stand without returning the salutation according to the previous opinion. Then one rak’at of Vitr will be recited and the salutation will be returned. This is seven rak’ats. Then sit down and recite two rak’ats.
These methods have been proved by Rasulullah (sm) through clear narrations or documents. Other methods can be added to these methods by reducing the number of rak’ats from each type to one rak’at. In order to act on the following words of the Prophet (sm). He said that whoever wants to recite five rak’ats of Vitr, whoever wants to recite three rak’ats of Vitr and whoever wants to recite one rak’at of Vitr.
Tahabi, H / 1603; Hakeem, H / 1128; Darakutni, H / 160; Bayhaqi, H / 46
If you want these five and three rak’ats of Vitr, you will perform it in one sitting and one salutation. As described in the second method. And if he wants, he will return the salutation after every two rak’ats. As described in the third and other methods. And this is the best.
Ibn Khuzaymah, after quoting the hadith narrated by Ayesha (R) and others in one of the methods mentioned in his Sahih book (2/194, H / 117, ‘Salat Chapter), said, It has been narrated that it is permissible for people to read the number that is desirable. It is not forbidden for anyone to collect any number. (Albani says) My point is that the decision we have taken to hold the number of rak’ats from the Prophet (sm) which has been proven to be saheeh and not to increase the number of rak’ats more than that, is completely in favor of Ibn Khuzaymah’s opinion. All praise is due to Allah for giving tawfiq. I wish her more grace.
On the other hand, we have not received any proof from the Prophet (sm) that every two rak’ats of the five and three rak’at Vitr prayers should be interrupted and the salaam should not be returned. However, the main point is permissible. But when the Prophet (sm) forbade reciting three rak’ats of Vitr like Maghrib and explaining the reason, he said that you should not equate Vitr prayer with Maghrib.
Tahabi, H / 1838, paragraph ‘Vitr’; Darakutni, H / 189; Sahih Ibn Hibban, H / 2429 ‘Vitr’ paragraph.
The person who will recite three rak’ats of Vitr must come out of this similarity. And it can happen in two ways:
1. Returning salutations between even and odd. This is the strongest and best.
2. Not sitting between even and odd. GOD is fully aware.
Recitation of Shabe Qadr prayers
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wanted to narrate some hadeeths about the night prayer.
Abu Salamah Ibn Abdur Rahman said,
He once asked Ayesha how the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prayed in Ramadaan. Then he replied that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not pray more than 11 rak’ahs in the month of Ramadaan and outside of Ramadaan. Then he used to recite four rak’ats first (2 + 2). You (Abu Salamah) do not ask about its beauty and length. Then he would recite (2 + 2) four rak’ats. You don’t ask about her beauty and longevity. Then he would recite three rak’ats (witr).
Sahih Muslim 2013
Narrated from Nu’aym Ibn Ziyad Abu Talha
He said, “I heard Numan ibn Bashir (R) standing on the pulpit of a place called Hims. We once prayed Taraaweeh with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) till the first one-third of the twenty-third night of the month of Ramadan.” Then on the twenty-fifth night I prayed Tarabeeh with him till midnight. I started praying Tarabeeh with him again on the 27th night. We even feared we would not get “Falah”. The Companions used to call Sahri Falah.
Sunan An Nasai 1608
Narrated from Hudhayfah
He said, “I prayed with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) one night.” He started Surah Al-Baqarah, I said in my mind that maybe he will go to ruku ‘after reciting one hundred verses. But he continued to recite, I said to myself, maybe he will go to ruku ‘after reciting two hundred verses, but he continued to recite. I said to myself, maybe he will recite the whole surah in one rak’ah. But he continued reciting and started reciting Surah Nisa. Then he started reciting Surah Al-Imran and recited it.
He used to recite slowly. If he recited a verse that contained a tasbeeh, he would recite the tasbeeh. If he had recited the verses seeking refuge from an exiled devil, he would have sought refuge. Then he would bow down and say, “Subahana Rabbiyal Azim.” His bowing was almost equal to his Qiyam. Later he would raise his head and say “Sami Allahu Liman Hamida”. His standing was almost equal to his bow. Then he would prostrate and say, “Subhana Rabbiyal Ala.” His prostration was almost equal to his ruku ‘.
Sunan An Nasai 164
Intention to offer Laylatul Qadr prayer
Niyat means determination of the mind. And its place is the heart; Not the face. None of the Prophet and his Companions uttered any specific words; So it is bidat to utter it orally; Moreover, there are no restrained words for intention.
God the Almighty said,
They were not instructed to worship Allah sincerely, establish prayer and pay zakat; That is the true religion.
And the Prophet said,
All actions depend on intention and man deserves what he intends.
Sahih Bukhari Hadith No. 1
It should be noted that if one intends all the prayers at the beginning of the prayers, then it is enough; It is not necessary to intend every 2 rak’ahs; Of course, if someone leaves the prayer and starts reading it again, a new intention is needed; It is important to note that this is not the case. But reading is a bidat.
Pray beautifully without rushing
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his Companions used to recite the night prayers very long; As has been discussed before. The ruku ‘and sijdah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) were almost as long as his Qiyaam; And he was in prostration for such a long time that at that time about 50 verses could be recited.
So it inspires us to do our best to make our night prayers as close to their prayers as possible; We will also lengthen the qiraat, recite more and more tasbeeh and dua in ruku, sijdah and qawma and sitting in between; So that even a small amount of humility may be felt in our minds; That humility is the soul and the brain of prayer; We should take the Sunnah of this prayer in terms of its method, features and quantity (quality and quantity); Therefore we will adopt the beauty and length of the prayers according to our ability; For example, I accept the number of rak’ahs. Needless to say, the main purpose is not just to perform the duty of performing rak’ah without humility, presence of mind and slowness.
On the other hand, excessive haste in prayer is not valid. Moreover, if any wajib or rukun of the prayer is not performed properly in a hurry, then the prayer itself will be canceled.
It is obligatory and essential to be slow and steady in prayer; Whoever rejects it, his prayer will be considered void; Since the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) once saw a person praying impatiently and restlessly, he ordered him to repeat the prayer and taught him that it is obligatory to be gentle and steady between the ruku ‘, sijdah, qawma and two sijdahs.
Bu: 756, Bu: 397
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: The prayer of a person who does not straighten his back in bowing and prostration is not enough.
Adabul Mufrad 655
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The worst thief is the one who steals his prayers; The people said, O Messenger of Allah, how can you steal the prayer? He said, “Do not bow and prostrate completely.”
Ibn Abi Shaybah 2970, Tabarani 1229
He added that Allah does not look at the prayers of a servant who does not straighten his spine in bowing and prostration.
Isha: 2956, Ima: AH, Sis: 2536 no
Kerat of three rak’ats of Vitr
It is Sunnah to recite Surah Al-A’la in the first rak’ah, Surah Kafirun in the second rak’ah and Surah Ikhlas in the third rak’ah.
Nasai, H / 1629-31, Nafl Salat of Night and Day Chapter-20, Paragraph-48;
Hakeem, H / 1144 ‘Vitar’ chapter.
Hakeem called the hadith saheeh.
Sometimes it will be accompanied by Surah Falaq and Nas.
Tirmidhi, H / 473, ‘Vitr’ Chapter-3, ‘Vitr’s Qiraat’ Paragraph-9;
Hakeem, H / 1144.
Hakeem called the hadith saheeh and Zahabi supported it.
It is narrated in authentic sources from Rasulullah (sm) that he once recited one hundred verses of Surah An-Nisa in one rak’ah of Vitr.
Nasai, H / 1828, Nafl Salat of Night and Day Chapter-20, Qiraat of Vitr Paragraph-48;
Ahmad, H / 1975,
Doa Kunut and its place of recitation
Sometimes Qunoot will be recited before the ruku ‘before the ruku’, which was taught by the Prophet (peace be upon him) to his grandson Hasan bin Ali (peace be upon him). The two are:
Pronunciation: Alla-hummahdini fiman hadayata, wa a-fini fiman ‘a fayta, wa tawallani fiman tawallaita, wa ba-rikli fima’ atbayata, wa kini sharra ma qayyata; Fainnaka takrzi wa la yukrza ‘alayka, wa innahu la yazilu mao wa-laita, wa la yaizh man’ a-dayata, taba-rakta rabbana wa taa-laita.
Translation: O Allah! Guide me also into the path of those whom Thou hast guided. Forgive me as one of those whom You have forgiven. Be my guardian among those whom you have guarded. Bless me for what you have given me. Save me from the evil of the decision you have made. Because you decide, no one can decide against you. Whoever you befriend will never be humiliated. And he with whom you have enmity will never be honored. O our Lord! You are blessed and supreme.
Abu Dawood, H / 1425, salat chapter-2, ‘Kunut of Vitr’ paragraph-340;
Tirmidhi, H / 474, ‘Vitr’ Chapter-3, Paragraph-10;
Nasai, H / 1845, Nafl Salat of Night and Day Chapter-20, ‘Dua of Vitr, Para-51;
Sometimes Rasoolullah (sm) will recite darood.
There is no problem in reciting Qunoot after Ruku and reciting Qunoot in the second half of Ramadan, cursing the disbelievers, reciting Darood on Rasulullah (sm) and increasing the dua for Muslims. This has been proven by the Imams in the time of Umar (R). Abdur Rahman bin Abdul Qari has come at the end of the narrated hadith. They say this prayer while cursing the disbelievers in the second half of Ramadan:
Pronunciation: Allah-humma kratilil kafratallaina yasuduna ‘an sabilika, wa yukazibrna rusulaka, wala yuminuna biwadika wa kha-lif bayna kalima tihim, wa alki fi kubihimur ruba, wa alki alaihim.
Translation: O Allah! You destroy the disbelievers. Those who block your way, disbelieve in your messengers, and do not believe in your promise. Thou shalt cause dissension among them, and cause fear in their hearts, and O God of truth! Impose your punishment on them. Then he would recite Darood to Rasulullah (sm) and pray for the welfare of Muslims as much as possible. Then he would ask forgiveness for the believers.
The narrator said that after cursing the disbelievers, reciting the darood to the Prophet (sm), asking for forgiveness for the believing men and women, and asking for himself, he (Ubayy bin Kab) used to say:
Pronunciation: Allahumma ya-ka na’budu, walaka nusalli wa nasjudu, wa ilaika nas’a wa nahfidu, wa narju rahmataka rabbana, wa nakha-fu ‘aza-bakal jidda, inna’ aza-baka liman ‘adayata.
Translation: O Allah! We worship only you, perform salat and prostrate for you. We do our best to get back to you. O our Lord! We seek your mercy and fear your severe punishment. May your torment befall him who hated you. Then he would prostrate with takbeer.
Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, 2 / 155-156, H / 1100.
Doa after Vitr
It is Sunnah to recite these two at the end of Vitr (before or after Salam)
Pronunciation: Alla-humma inni aujubika birika min sakhatbika, wa bimuafatika min ukbatika, wa a’uju bika min ka, la uhshi chanaan alayka, anta kama achnayata ‘ala nafsika.
Translation: O Allah! I seek refuge from your wrath through your satisfaction and from your punishment through your forgiveness. I seek refuge in you through you, I can’t count your compliments. The way you compliment yourself applies to you.
Abu Dawood, H / 1428, ‘Kunut of Vitr’ paragraph-340;
Ibn Majah, H / 1179, Chapter 5, ‘Kunut of Vitr’ Paragraph-116;
Irwaul Galil, H / 430, Hadith Sahih.
After returning the salutation of Vitr (three times) he will say ‘Subhanal Malikil Quddus’ in his voice and the third time he will say it with a long pull.
Abu Dawood, H / 1430, ‘Dua after Vitr Paragraph-341; Nasai, H / 1899, 1601, Chapter-20, Paragraph-37, Hadith Sahih.
1. Explanation of Lailatul Qadr
2. Virtues of Lailatul Qadr
3. Blessings of Lailatul Qadr
4. Lailatul Qadr any night
May Allah Ta’ala grant us the Tawfiq to understand and act properly. Allahumma Amin.
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