Tahajjud meaning. How to pray Tahajjud prayer?

Tahajjud meaning. How to pray Tahajjud prayer?

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim, The Arabic word Tahajjud means a person who wakes up and stands in prayer. Tahajjud prayer is a special virtuous prayer that strengthens the faith of the believer. Tahajjud prayers are muakkadah in the Sunnah And This is proved by the consensus of the Qur’an, Sunnah, and the Ummah. Allah speaks of the virtues of the servants of the Most Gracious, and those who spend the night in prostration and standing for their Lord. It is better to perform Tahajjud prayers in two Rak’ats. It is better to perform the nafl prayer day or night in two Rakats in one salam, although four Rak’ats, even eight Rak’ats can be performed in one salam

Table of Contents - সূচিপত্র

The virtues of Tahajjud prayers and their reasons

1. The Prophet (SM) used to work hard for the night prayer

Even Mubarak’s footsteps would explode. He used to suffer a lot in Qiyaam at night. It is narrated on the authority of Aisha (RA) that the Prophet (SM) used to stay up at night so much that his legs would break. Ayesha said to him: O Messenger of Allah, why do you do this when Allah has forgiven all your previous sins? Then He said: Wouldn’t I like to be a thankful servant of Allah!

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 4837; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2620

Narrated from Mughirah Radiyallahu Anhu, he said,

The Prophet (SM) stood up and his legs became swollen. Then He was asked: Has Allah forgiven all your previous sins? Then He said: Shall I not be a servant of thanksgiving?

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 4837; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 2619

One of the Companions of the Prophet (SM) said very nicely:

We have the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who recites His Book when the dawn breaks. He spends the night apart from the bed, while the disbelievers are fast asleep.

2. One of the best ways to get to Paradise is through night prayers

It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn Salam (RA) that when the Prophet (SM) arrived in Madinah, the people rushed towards him. And all around it sounded: The Prophet (SM) has arrived, the Messenger of Allaah (SM) has arrived, the Messenger of Allaah (SM) has arrived three times. I went to see him with people. When I saw his face well, I clearly understood that his face was not the face of a liar. The first thing I heard him say was:

O people spread the salutation, give food and keep the kinship intact, and perform the prayer at night. When the people are asleep, they will enter Paradise safely.

Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 3251, 1334; Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 2475, 1974

3. The high palaces of Paradise have been built for those who pray at night

Narrated Abu Malik Al-Ash’ari: The Messenger of Allah (SM) said:

Surely there are some mansions in Paradise, which can be seen from inside and outside. What Allah has created for those who give food, speak humbly, observe fasting after fasting, spread the salutation, and pray at night when people are asleep.

Ahmed: (5/343); Ibn Hibban Hadith No. 741; Tirmidhi Hadith No. 2526

4. Those who pray regularly at night are among the Muhsin servants of Allah who are entitled to Allah’s mercy and Paradise.

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “They used to sleep for a small part of the night, and in the last hours of the night they would ask for forgiveness.

Surah Az-Zariyat, verses 16-18

5. Allaah praises the righteous and the servants of the Most Gracious, and those who pray at night.

He said: And those who spend the night prostrating and standing for their Lord.

Surah Al-Furqan, verse: 74

6. Allaah has testified that the people who pray at night are full believers

He said: Only those belief in My verses who, when they are admonished by it, fall down in prostration and glorify their Lord with praise. And they are not arrogant. Their sides are separated from the bed. They call on their Lord with fear and hope. And they spend out of what We have provided for them.

Surah As-Sajdah, verses: 15-16

7. Those who pray at night and those who do are not the same

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

Is he who prostrates himself in the watch of the night and stands obedient, fears the Hereafter, and expects the mercy of his Lord equal to him who does not do so? Are those who know and those who do not know equal? Only conscientious people take advice.

Surah Az-Zumar, verse: 9

8. The night prayer is the expiation for sins and the atonement

Narrated Abu Umama: The Prophet (SM) said:

Hold fast to the night prayer, for it is the custom of the righteous before you, and brings nearness to your Lord, the expiation of sins, and the expiation of sins.

Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 3549; Hakeem: (1/306); Bayhaqi: (2/502)

9. The night prayer is the best prayer after the obligatory prayer

Abu Huraira (RA) narrated in Marfu Hadith: The best fast after Ramadan is the fast of Muharram and the obligatory fast The best prayer after the prayer is the night prayer.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 1163

10. Respect for the believers of Qiyamul Lail

It is narrated on the authority of Sahl ibn Saad (RA) that he said: Gabriel (A) came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said:

O Muhammad, live as long as you can, then you will surely die. Love whomever you want, you will surely be separated from him. Do whatever you want, and you will be rewarded. Then he said, “O Muhammad, the honor of the believer is the night prayer, and his honor is the independence from man.”

Hakeem: (4/325)

11. The one who prays at night is the object of jealousy

Because its reward is more. This prayer is better than the world and everything in it. Narrated ‘Abdullah ibn Umar: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:

There is no jealousy except for two: A person to whom Allah has given the Qur’an, resurrects with the Qur’an at different times of the day and night. The other person, to whom Allah has given wealth, spends it at different times of the day and night.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 615

Narrated from Abdullah Ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him), the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

There is no jealousy except for two: a person to whom Allah has given wealth spends it in the way of truth. The other person, to whom Allah has given wisdom, judges by it and teaches it to the people.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 63; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 617

12. It is a matter of great fortune and good fortune to recite the Qur’an in the night prayer

Narrated ‘Abdullah ibn Amr: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:

He who resurrects by ten verses will not be considered among the heedless. And whoever resurrects by a hundred verses, he will be counted among the Canaanites. And whoever resurrects by a thousand verses, he will be counted among the Mukantirins.

Abu Dawood, Hadith No. 1397; Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah: (2/161), Hadith No. (1142)

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:

Would any of you like to see three fattened camels (owned by him) when he goes home? We said: Yes, he said: It is better to recite three verses in your prayer in the car of Ta’imah than to have three fat fresh camels.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 602

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) set the maximum and minimum time for the completion of the Qur’an. Abdullah ibn Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) told the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) about the completion of the Qur’an. When asked, he said,

In forty days, then he said, in a month, then he said, in fifteen days, then he said, in ten days, then he said, in seven days he said, I have more power than this. He said: He who destroys in less than three days will not understand the Qur’an.

Abu Dawood, Hadith No. 1390

Tahajjud prayers are Sunnat or nafl

The prayer of Tahajjud is Muakkadah in the Sunnah. This is proved by the consensus of the Qur’an, Sunnah, and the Ummah. Regarding the virtues of the servants of Allah, the Most Gracious,

And those who spend the night in prostration and standing for their Lord.

Surah Al-Furqan, verse: 74

Elsewhere, he discusses the merits of the pious,

They slept a small part of the night, and in the last hours of the night, they would apologize.

Surah Az-Zariyat, verses 16-18

He said elsewhere,

They recite the verses of Allah at night and they prostrate.

Surah Ale Imran, verse: 113

He added,

And apologizing last night.

Surah Ale Imran, verse: 17

The night prayer is more important to Allaah, so He said to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):

O sheets! Stand in the night prayer without any part. Half of the night or a little less. Or raise a little more than that. And recite the Qur’an slowly and clearly.

Surah Al-Muzammil, verses: 1-4

He added,

And perform Tahajjud in some parts of the night as an additional duty of Ta’imah. Hopefully, your Lord will establish you in a praiseworthy position.

Surah Al-Isra, verse: 79

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) himself encouraged the night prayer and said,

The best fast after Ramadan is the fast of Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is the night prayer.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 1163

The intention of Tahajjud prayers

It is obligatory to make intention for every act of worship. Niyat means a determination of the mind. And its place is the heart; Not the face. None of the Prophet and his Companions uttered any specific words. So it is a Bidat to pronounce it orally. Moreover, there are no restrained words for intention. If you make a conscious decision for any act of worship, it will become Niyat. There is no need to pronounce anything on the face.

Narrated Al-Qamamah Ibn Waqqas Al-Laisi: He said:

I heard ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (R) standing on the pulpit saying: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: Work (will be due) according to intention. And man will be rewarded according to his intention.

Sahih Bukhari Hadith No. 1

It is to be noted that if one performs all the prayers at the beginning of Tahajjud, then it is enough. It is not necessary to make an intention in every 2 rak’ahs. However, if someone leaves the prayers and starts reading them again, a new intention is needed. It is important to note that this is not the case. But reading is a Bidat.

Rules for performing Tahajjud prayers

It is better to perform nafl prayers in two Rakats. It is better to perform the nafl prayer day or night in two Rakats in one salam, although four Rakats, even eight Rakats can be performed in one salam

Ibn ‘Umar said:

While the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was on the pulpit, a man asked him, “What is your opinion about the night (nafl) prayer?” He said: It will be done in two Rak’ats. If you fear that it will become heavy, one more Rakat (Vitr) will be recited. That will make his prayers unparalleled.

Bukhari, Muslim

There are a total of six methods of performing night prayers from Sahih Hadith. It is legal to resort to any of them. The methods discussed are:

The first method: 13 Rakats

It will start by reading two Rakats lightly. According to the predominant opinion, these two Rakats are the two Rakats of Sunnah after the obligatory prayer of Isha or the specific two Rakats of salat through which the Prophet (sm) used to start the night prayer. As in the past. Then perform two very long Rak’ats. Then two Rak’ats less than this will be recited. And Then two Rak’ats longer than before will be recited. Then two Rak’ats less than that will be recited. Then two Rakats less than this will be read. And Then one Rakat of Vitr will be recited.

Second method: 13 Rakats

I will recite eight Rakats in pairs and return the salutation after every two Rak’ats. Then five Rakats of Vitr will be recited. Only sit in the fifth rak’ah and return the salutation.

Third method: 11 Rakats

Salam will be returned in the middle of every two Rak’ats and one Rak’at of Vitr will be recited.

Fourth method: 11 Rak’ats

The first four Rak’ats will be in one salam and then the next four Rak’ats will be in another salam. Then three Rak’ats of Vitr will be recited. Did Rasulullah (sm) sit between these two Rak’ats of four and three Rak’ats? We do not get any satisfactory answer in this regard. However, sitting after two Rak’ats in the three Rak’at Vitr prayers is not in accordance with the Shari’ah.

Fifth method: 11 Rak’ats

He will perform eight Rak’ats continuously and will sit in the 8th Rakat and will stand without reciting the Darood of Tashahhud and the Prophet (peace be upon him). Then he will recite one Rak’at of Vitr and return the salutation. This is nine rak’ahs. Then he will sit down and perform two rak’ahs.

Sixth method: 9 Rak’ats

After reciting six Rak’ats continuously, he will sit in the sixth Rakat, then he will recite the Darood on Tashahhud and the Prophet (sm) and will stand without returning the salutation as before. Then one Rak’at of Vitr will be recited and the salutation will be returned. This is seven Rak’ats. Then sit down and recite two Rak’ats.

These methods have been proved by Rasulullah (sm) through clear narrations or documents. Other methods can be added to these methods by reducing the number of Rak’ats from each type to one Rak’at. In order to follow the following words of the Prophet (sm). He said that whoever wants to recite five Rak’ats of Vitr, whoever wants to recite three Rak’ats of Vitr, and whoever wants to recite one Rak’at of Vitr.

Tahabi, H / 1603; Hakeem, H / 1128; Darakutni, H / 160; Bayhaqi, H / 46

Vitr prayer

If you want these five and three Rak’ats of Vitr, you will perform it in one sitting and one salutation. As described in the second method. And if he wants, he will return the salutation after every two Rak’ats. As described in the third and other methods. And this is the best.

On the other hand, we have not received any proof from the Prophet (sm) that every two Rak’ats of the five and three Rak’at Vitr prayers should be interrupted and the salaam should not be returned. However, the main point is permissible. But when the Prophet (sm) forbade reciting three Rak’ats of Vitr like Maghrib and explaining the reason, he said that you should not equate the Witr prayer with Maghrib.

Tahabi, H / 1838, paragraph ‘Vitr’; Darakutni, H / 189; Sahih Ibn Hibban, H / 2429 ‘Vitr’ paragraph.

The person who will recite three Rak’ats of Vitr must come out of this similarity. And it can happen in two ways:

1. Returning salutations between even and odd. This is the strongest and best.

2. Not sitting between even and odd. GOD is fully aware.

Which surah is to be recited in Tahajjud prayers

It is obligatory to recite any surah or part of a surah after reciting Surah Al-Fatihah in every rak’ah of the prayers other than the obligatory prayers (wajib, sunnah, nafl). There is no specific surah for nafl prayers. Read the Qur’an from the place where the worshiper finds it easy for him.

Hudhayfah said that once the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recited Surah al-Baqarah, al-Imran, and Nisa slowly in one rak’ah.

Muslim 72, Nasai 1008, 1132

Tahajjud prayers are to be performed in the dark

The purpose of performing the night prayer is to gain more and more pleasure from Allah. Therefore, it is very important to use concentration and humility in prayers. If Tahajjud is performed in high light, if the concentration is disturbed, then it is better to perform salat in light.

During Tahajjud prayers

The best time for Qiyamul Lail is the last third of the night. It is permissible to perform the night prayer at the beginning, end, and middle of the night, but it is better to perform the last third. Narrated from Anas Radiyallahu Anhu, he said,

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to eat and drink in any month, at one time we thought he would not fast in that month. He used to fast in any month, at one time we thought he would not eat or drink in this month. He was like that, if you want to see him praying at night, you can see him, and if you want to see him asleep, you can see him.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 1141

From this one understands the simple rules of night prayer, which will be performed when the benefit arises. Yes, it is better to pray in the last part of the night. Narrated from Amr Ibn Abasa, may Allah be pleased with him, he is a Prophet. He heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say:

Towards the end of the night the servant is closest to his Lord, if you can be one of the remembrancers of Allah at that time, then be one of them.

Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 3569; Abu Dawood, Hadith No. 128

This is further clarified by the hadith narrated from Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Wasallam says:

Our Lord descends into the heavens of the world every night when the last third of the night remains. Then he said, “Who will call me, to whom I will answer?” Who will pray to me, whom I will grant? Who will apologize to me, I will forgive him? Keep saying the same until dawn.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 145; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 657

How many rak’ahs of Tahajjud prayers

Qiyamul Lail does not have any specific rak’ah number. Because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

The night prayer is two rak’ahs, two rak’ahs.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 990; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 649

But it is better to be limited to eleven or thirteen Rakats since the number of rak’ahs of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was similar to that narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her).

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to perform eleven rak’ahs of Salat al-Isha until Fajr, return the salaam after every two rak’ahs, and perform Vitr by one rak’ah.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 638

It is narrated in another hadith: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not recite more than eleven rak’ahs in Ramadaan and Ghair in Ramadaan.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 1148; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 638

Manners of Qiyamul Lail

1. Intention of Qiyamul Lail while sleeping

And the purpose of sleep should be to gain strength in worship, then sleep will also be rewarded. Narrated Aisha: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

There is no one who used to pray at night and then fell asleep. Allah will write down for him the reward of prayer, and his sleep will be a charity for him.

Nasai, Hadith No. 164; Abu Dawood, Hadith No. 1314

Narrated Abu Darda: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

The one who came to his bed, intending to get up at night to pray, but fell asleep, and then fell asleep, will be written for him according to his intention. And his sleep will be a charity from Allah for him.

Nasai, Hadith No. 6

2. Waking up, shaking hands, removing sleep from the face, remembering Allah and doing miswak, and reciting prayers.

Narrated Ubada Ibn Samet: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Whoever wakes up at night and says: O Allaah, forgive me, his supplication will be accepted.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 1154

Narrated from Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him), he said:

The Prophet (SM) woke up and wiped his face with his hands, then recited the last ten verses of Sura al-Imran.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 182-63

Narrated from Hudhayfah, may Allah be pleased with him, he said,

When the Prophet (SM) woke up at night, he would grind his mouth with a miswaq.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 245; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 254

Then recite other dhikrs of waking up and perform ablution according to the command of Allah.

3. Initiating Tahajjud by light Durakat Salat

This is because the words and deeds of the Prophet (SM) prove the same. Ayesha Radiyallahu Anhu said,

When the Prophet (SM) would get up at night to pray, he would start his prayer with a light two rak’ah prayer.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 6

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (SM) said:

When one of them gets up at night to pray, he should start his prayer with a light two rak’ahs.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 6

4. Performing Tahazzud at home

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to perform Tahajjud at home. Narrated Zayd Ibn Thabit: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

You should pray at home because the best prayer for a person is in his house except the obligatory.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 631; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 61

5. Realizing Qiyamul Lail regularly

Never give up. It is a mustahabb to recite a certain number of rak’ahs regularly. If the body is strong and the mind is cheerful, then it will perform long qiraat, otherwise, it will perform light qiraat, and if it ever runs, it will make up qiyaam. Narrated Aisha: The Prophet (SM) said:

Do as much as you can, for God does not get tired until you are tired. He used to say: The deed which is more desirable in the sight of Allah is the one on which the servant maintains order, even though the amount is less.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 960; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 72

It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn’ Amr as-Radiyallahu Anhu that the Prophet (SM) told me:

O Abdullah, you are not like that, he used to stay up at night, but he has given up.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 1152; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 1119

Ayesha Radiyallahu Anha said:

When the Prophet (SM) offered a prayer, he preferred to offer it regularly. If he fell asleep or had difficulty standing, he would pray twelve Rak’ats a day.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 648

Narrated ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA): The Messenger of Allah (SM) said:

If a person falls asleep from his ajifah or has some leftover, if he recites it between the Fajr and Zuhr prayers, it will be written for him as if he recited it at night.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 648

6. If drowsiness comes, then leave the prayer and go to sleep

It is better to have a good night’s sleep. Narrated Aisha: The Prophet (SM) said:

When one of you falls asleep in prayer, he should lie down so that he may fall asleep. Because, when one of the Ta’imah prays while he is asleep, he may go to apologize for himself and insult himself.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 212; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 6

Abu Huraira (RA) narrated from the Prophet (SM) in the Sanad Marfu:

When one of them is standing at night, then if it is difficult for him to read the Qur’an, he cannot say what to say, then he should lie down.

Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 6

7. It is mustahabb to wake the wife for the night prayer

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said:

May Allah have mercy on him. He got up at night and prayed, then woke up his wife. If he doesn’t want to get up, he sprinkles water on his face. May Allah has mercy on the woman who gets up at night to pray, then wakes her husband, if he does not want to get up, sprinkles water on his face.

Nasai, Hadith No. 1810; Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 1337

Narrated Abu Saeed and Abu Huraira: The Prophet (sm) said:

When a man wakes up and wakes up his wife, then both of them perform the prayer, they are written to include the women who remember more and the men who remember more.

Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 1335; Abu Dawood, Hadith No. 1309

It is narrated on the authority of Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet (sm), that she said: One night the Prophet (SM) woke up, then

Subhanallah, how much treasure has Allah sent down? How many tribulations have been sent down? O companions of Yusuf (Joseph), wake up for the prayer. Many in the world will be naked in the Hereafter. In another narration: What has been revealed tonight?

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith Nos. 115, 1128, 2618, 6069

8. The amount of recitation of the Qur’an that can be done with attention and understanding

It is permissible to read as much as one can or more or less as high-low as one wishes. Yes, it is better to read aloud if the recitation comes to life or the people present can hear, or if there is any other benefit. And if someone is reciting Tahajjud nearby, or he is in trouble because of his loud voice, then it is better to recite it slowly. And if there is no reason to prioritize; then the way will be read.

There are hadiths about all the conditions described above. Narrated from Abdullah Ibn Masood (RA), he said,

I prayed with the Prophet (sm) one night, he made it so long that I had a bad wish; Then said that; What was the wish? He said that I wished I could leave him and sit down.

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 1135; Sahih Muslim, Hadith No. 63

Dua of Tahazzud prayers

It is sunnat to recite this dua at the end of Vitr (before or after Salam)

Pronunciation: Alla-humma inni aujubika birika min sakhatbika, wa bimuafatika min ukbatika, wa a’uju bika min ka, la uhshi chanaan alaika, anta kama achnayata ala nafsika.

Translation: O Allah! I seek refuge from your wrath through your satisfaction and from your punishment through your forgiveness. I seek refuge in you through you. And I can’t count your compliments. The way you compliment yourself applies to you.

Abu Dawood, H / 1428, ‘Kunut of Vitr’ paragraph-340;

After returning the salutation of Vitr, he will say ‘Subhanal Malikil Quddus’ three times and the third time he will say ‘Long’.

Abu Dawood, H / 1430, ‘Dua after Vitr Paragraph-341; Nasai, H / 1899, 1601, Chapter-20, Paragraph-37, Hadith Sahih.

May Allah Ta’ala grant us the tawfiq to understand and act properly. Allahumma Amin.

Tags: Tahajjud prayer, how to pray Tahajjud, Tahajjud dua,

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