Jumma Mubarak meaning and Friday prayers in Islam

Jumma Mubarak meaning and Friday prayers in Islam

Jumma Mubarak meaning and Friday prayers in Islam

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim; Respected Muslim Brothers and Sisters Assalamu Alaikum; The main topic of my discussion today is Jumma Mubarak; InshaAllah I will discuss the meaning of Jumu’ah Mubarak, the virtues of Jumma, the intention of Jumma prayer, the rules of Jumma prayers, and many more. 

Jumma Mubarak meaning

The word Jumua is Arabic; Which means to come together. Muslims gather in the mosque on this day every week to carry out the great command of Allah. That is why this day is called Jumua. Allah commands the believers to gather on this day to worship Allah. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

O you who believe, when the call is made for prayer on the day of Jumu’ah, then hasten to the remembrance of Allah.

Jumma Mubarak

The word Mubarak means blessed, benevolent, and auspicious. Jumma Mubarak means Happy Friday; The purpose of those who say this is to greet on the occasion of this day.

Now let’s see, in the eyes of Islam, to what extent is it permissible to exchange greetings on the occasion of Jumu’ah?

We are not unaware that Friday is the weekly Eid day for Muslims. Because this has been narrated in the hadith. It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

Surely Allah Ta’ala has chosen Friday as the day of Eid for Muslims. So take a bath before participating in Jumma. And if there is perfume, will use it. And of course, Miswak will. 

Sunan Ibn Majah: H / 1096, Sheikh Albani called it Hasan – Sahih Ibn Majah.

Then the total Eid for Muslims is three days. The annual Eids are Eid-ul-Azha (Eid-ul-Adha) and Eid-ul-Fitr (Eid-ul-Ramadan). And the weekly Eid is on Friday. 

It is narrated in the hadith that when the Companions met each other at the end of Eid-ul-Fitr and Azhar, they would exchange greetings, saying: However, there is no evidence that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) or his Companions exchanged any kind of greetings on the occasion of Jumma.

And it is not unknown that Bidat is the name of introducing or doing something new in the religion outside the norms of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions. And every innovation is a deviation.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: You will refrain from inventing new things in the religion because every new thing is Bidat. And the result of every Bidat is misguidance or depravity. 

Sahih Bukhari, Ha: 628, Chapter: Holding fast to the Qur’an and Sunnah.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

The person who introduced new things that are not part of the religion is abandoned. 

Bukhari, Chapter: Treaty.

And in the narration of Sahih Muslim,

The person who did something for which I have no instructions is rejected. 

Sahih Muslim, Chapter: Judgment.

Some people are seen posting greetings on WhatsApp, Facebook, blogs, etc. on Fridays, saying ‘Zuma Mubarak’! When someone meets you face to face, they exchange greetings saying ‘Zuma Mubarak’! These must be avoided. For, the good for us lies in the ideals of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions. No welfare can be expected outside of this.

May Allah protects us from Bidat; Amen.

History of Jumma Mubarak

Jumma became obligatory in the 1st Hijri and during the Hijrah, Rasulullah (sm) was the first to perform Jum’a salat in the Ranuna valley of Banu Salem bin Awf Gaetr between Kaaba and Medina.

Mir’at 2/26; Ibn Katheer, Al-Bidayah wan Nihayah 2/211.

So that one hundred praying were partners.

Ibn Majah H / 1062; Sirat Ibn Hisham 1/494; Ya-Dul Maad 1/96.

However, before the Hijrah, the Ansar of Madinah, in consultation with each other, set aside a day of worship for themselves, as opposed to the weekly worship of the Jews and the Nazarenes. Is. Where forty praying gathered.

Ibn Majah H / 1062; Abu Dawud H / 1089 Sanad Hasan.

Then after the migration, Jumu’ah is made obligatory.

The Prophet (sm) said this day of Jumma was first made obligatory for the Jews and Christians. But they disagree on this point. Then Allah guides us to this day (by revelation). Right now all the people are following us. The Jews the next day (Saturday) and the Nazarenes the next day (Sunday). 

Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 1354 ‘Jum’a’ paragraph-42.

Since God did not create anything on Saturday and ascended to His throne on the throne, the Jews chose this day as their weekly day of worship. Since God initiates creation on Sunday, the Nazarenes prefer this day. Thus they prefer their reasoning over the command of Allah. On the other hand, on the day of Jumma, all creation is completed and Adam is born as the last creation. So this day is the best of all days. As this day is designated as the day of weekly worship of the Muslim Ummah, their superiority over all the previous Ummahs is proved. 

Mir’at 4 / 419-21 p .; Ibn Katheer, Tafsir Surah Araf 54. 

When Ka’b bin Malik (R) became blind, he would hear the call to prayer and say with a broken heart, may Allah have mercy on Asad bin Jurarah, he was the first to establish Jumu’ah salat with us before the arrival of the Prophet (sm) from Mecca. 

Ibn Majah H / 1082 Standing in salat Chapter-5, Jumma is obligatory ‘Article-6.

The virtues of Jumma Mubarak

1. Friday is the best day:

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) called it the best day. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) narrated from Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him):

Jumma is the best day when the sun rises. On this day Adam (peace be upon him) was created, on this day he was admitted to Paradise, and on this day he was expelled from Paradise. And the Resurrection will take place on the day of Jumu’ah.

Muslim, Hadith: 654, 16; Tirmidhi, Hadith: 46; Nasai, Hadith: 69/3

2. This day includes the Jumma prayer:

Which is one of the most important provisions of Islam and the great union of Muslims. Whoever omits the Jumma prayer for no reason, Allah will seal his heart.

Muslim, Hadith No. 65

3. This is the day when dua is accepted:

There is a moment on the day of Jumma when Allah makes dua and Allah accepts it. However, the moment has been kept anonymous, so that people give full importance to the day of Jumu’ah and continue to search for the moment. Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

There is a moment on the day of Jumma when if a Muslim stands up at that moment and prays to Allah while he is praying, Allah will surely give it to him.

Bukhari, Hadith: 935 Muslim, Hadith: 652

Allama Ibn al-Qayyim said. After presenting the different opinions of the scholars about the time of accepting the dua on Friday. he said that the most acceptable opinion is that two opinions are confirmed and proved by the hadith.

1- The moment from sitting on the pulpit to the end of the prayer. Because it is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

From sitting on the pulpit to the end of the prayer.

Muslim, Hadith: 653; Sahih Ibn Khuzaima, 1839; Baihaqi, Hadith: 5999

2- The moment is after the Asr prayer on Friday. It is the most acceptable of the two opinions mentioned.

Jadul Ma’ad: 390, 369/1

4. Good day for charity:

It is better to give to charity on Friday than on other days. Allama Ibn al-Qayyum said. He said that it is better to give charity on this day than on other days of the week, just as it is better to give charity in the month of Ramadan than in other months of the year. From Ka’b bin Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, there is a hadith which is narrated in a pure Sanad which is considered as Marfu hadith, he said,

Doing charity on Friday is more rewarding and important than doing charity on other days.

Muslim

5. The day of meeting the people of Paradise with Allah:

Jumma is a day when Allah will meet the believing friends in Paradise. It is narrated on the authority of Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said: Allah will come out publicly every Friday for the people of Paradise. 

6. Muslims’ weekly Eid day on Friday:

Friday is the day of the weekly Eid for Muslims. It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah bin’ Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

This is what Allah has ordained for the Muslims on the day of Eid. The person who attends the Jumma prayer should perform ablution.

Ibn Majah, Hadith: 1096; Sahih At-Targhib: 298/1; Albani called the hadith Hasan.

7. Day of Forgiveness:

On this day, Allah forgives the sins of His servants. Narrated by Salman Radiyallahu Anhu, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

The one who performed the ghusl on the day of Jumma attained as much purity as possible, applied oil and perfume from the house, left the house without gaping between the two persons, then performed the prescribed prayer according to his destiny and delivered the sermon of the Imam. If he remains silent for a while, then his sins committed from this Jumma to the next Jumu’ah will be forgiven. 

Bukhari, Hadith: 910, 63

8. The reward of keeping Qiyamul Lail for one year and Raja for one year:

Attending the Jumma prayer on foot on the day of Jumu’ah is equivalent to one year of fasting and one year of Qiyamul Lail.

It is narrated on the authority of Aws ibn Aws as-Saqafi (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say:

The person who prays on Friday, inspires others, goes to the mosque in the morning, encourages others, comes to the mosque on foot without adornment and sits next to the imam, does nothing in vain, is a king at every step The year will be rewarded for Qiyamul Lail.

Ahmad, Hadith: 18173

9. On this day the burning of hell ceases:

Hell is heated every day of the week, except on Fridays. In honor of Jumma, the burning and heating of Hell are stopped on this day. 

Jadul Ma’ad: 36/1

10. Good signs of dying on Jumma day or Jumma night:

Death on Jummah day or Jumu’ah night is a sign of good fortune. Because the person who dies on the day of Jumma or the night of Jumu’ah survives the torment of the grave and the question of Munkar Naqeer. It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah bin’ Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

Whoever dies on the day of Jumma or the night of Jumu’ah, Allah will surely save him from the torment of the grave.

Ahmed 6562; Tirmidhi, Hadith: 1084 Albani has called the hadith Saheeh.

Virtues of Jumma prayer

1. Sins are forgiven:

On the day of Jumma, if one goes to the mosque with a good ablution to perform the Jummah prayer, Allah forgives his sins. It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

The one who performs ablution beautifully then attends the Jummah prayer, listens to the Jumuah khutbah with supplication, and remains silent, is forgiven for the sins between this Jumu’ah and the next Jumma, and the additional three days. Is done. And whoever touches a stone, it is useless. 

Muslim, Hadith: 656, 26; Abu Dawood, Hadith: 1050 Tirmidhi, Hadith: 498 Ibn Majah, Hadith: 1025, 1090.

2. Jumma prayer Kabira Atonement for sins other than sins:

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

The sins that occur between the five daily prayers, Jumma and Ramadan, are the expiation for all the sins that occur between the next prayer, Jumuah, and Ramadan. If poets survive sin.

Muslim, Hadith: 233

Another hadith is narrated from Abu Ayyub Al Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) say:

If a person bathes on Friday, puts on perfume, and if he has it and is well-dressed, comes to the mosque and prays and does not bother anyone, then he is silent until the Friday prayer, then it is his This will be the expiation for the sins committed from Jumuah to the next Jumma. 

Ahmad, Hadith: 23561; Ibn Khuzaym, Hadith: 162

3. An additional three days’ sins will be forgiven:

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Malik al-Ash’ari (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

The Jumma prayer is an expiation for intermittent sins until the next Jumu’ah, and for an additional three days. Because Allah says, whoever does good deeds, Allah will increase his reward ten times.

Sahih At-Targhib, Hadith: 72

4. The Jumma prayer is a special act of gaining Paradise:

Paradise can be attained by performing the Jumuah prayer. It is narrated on the authority of Abu Saeed Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) that he heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) say:

Whoever performs five deeds one day, Allah will record his name in the Book of Paradise: He will go to see the angry one, attend someone’s Janaza, Will fast, go to the Jumuah prayer, and free the slave. 

Sahih Ibn Hibban, Hadith: 261; Sahih At-Targhib, Hadith: 63

5. The reward of keeping Raja for one year and Qiyamul Lail at every step:

If you go to the Jumma prayer on foot, you will get the reward of keeping Raja for one year and Qiyamul Lail for one year at every step. It is narrated on the authority of Aws Ibn Aws As-Saqafi (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) say:

The one who went to the mosque in the morning on Friday encouraged others and came to the mosque on foot without adornment and sat next to the Imam, then listened and did nothing in vain. The year will be rewarded for Qiyamul Lail.

Ahmad, Hadith: 1818; Abu Dawood, Hadith: 345; Tirmidhi, Hadith: 496

6. The reward of sacrificing animals:

The sooner a person comes to the Jumuah prayer on the day of Jumma, the more reward he will get. It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

He who fasts on Fridays as if he were fasting, then goes to the mosque for the first time, as if he were sacrificing a camel for the sake of nearness to God. Then the one who went to the mosque, it was as if he had sacrificed a cow for the sake of gaining nearness to Allah. Then the one who went to the mosque, as if he was sacrificing a sheep for the sake of gaining nearness to Allah. And then the one who went to the mosque gave a hen in the way of Allah to gain nearness to Allah. Then the person who went to the mosque donated an egg in the way of Allah to gain nearness to Allah. Then when the Imam is present, the angels are also present and listen to his sermon.

Bukhari Hadith No. 61

Is Jumma prayer Fard or Oajib?

Jumma prayer is obligatory for every adult Muslim. The fact that Friday prayers are obligatory is proved by the Qur’an and Hadith.

One- Proof by Quran:

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

O you who believe! When the call to prayer is made, then stop trading and hasten to the remembrance of Allah. This is for your good if you only knew.

Verse No. 9 of Surah Al-Jumma

Allah commands people to turn away from the remembrance of Allah after the call to prayer on Friday. It is obligatory to obey the command of Allah. Therefore, it is obligatory to go to the mosque to perform the Friday prayer after the call to prayer on the day of Jummah. Allah forbids buying and selling on the day of Jumuah after the call to prayer so that the Jumua prayer may not be missed. If the Jumma prayer had not been obligatory, he would not have forbidden buying and selling.

Two- Evidence by Hadith:

The first hadith

It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said about those who abstain from Jummah prayer: Then We set fire to the houses of those who abstain from Jumma prayer.

Muslim, Hadith: 652, 254; Ahmad, Hadith: 3617

The second hadith

It is narrated from Abu Hurairah and Abdullah Omar that they heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) sitting on a wooden pulpit and saying, As a result, they will be among the heedless.

Muslim, Hadith: 65; Ahmad, Hadith: 2290; Nasai, Hadith: 1370

The third hadith

It is narrated on the authority of Abul Ja’ad ad-Damri (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Whoever gives up three Jumma out of laziness, Allah will seal his heart.

Ahmad, Hadith: 15498; Ibn Majah, Hadith: 1125; Abu Dawood, Hadith: 1052

The fourth hadith

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) narrated from Hafsa (may Allah be pleased with her), the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), that every adult must attend the Jumma prayer.

Nasai, Hadith: 1381; Abu Dawood, Hadith: 342; Ibn Khuzaimah, Hadith: 1821

How many rak’ahs are the Jumma prayer?

The Friday prayer is two rak’ahs. There is no specific Sunnat salat before Jumuah. Musalli will only recite two rak’ats of Tahiyatul Masjid. Then, when the time comes, the khatib will perform as many nafl salats as he wants until he sits on the pulpit. After Jumma salat, perform four Rakats in the mosque or two Rakatsat home. However, in the mosque also four or two or two and four mats six Rakats of Sunnat and nafl can be recited.

Muslim, Mishkat H / 116 ‘Sunnat salats and its virtues’ paragraph-30; Tirmidhi H / 522-23 ‘Jum’a Chapter-4, Paragraph-24; Mir’at 2/146; 6, 4 / 142-43.

Ibn ‘Umar used to recite four Rakats of Sunnah in one salutation. However, it can be read in two salutations.

Miraat 4 / 256-57. 

The hadeeth of reciting four rak’ahs in one salaam before Jummah (khutbah) is Zayef.

Ibn Majah H / 1129 ‘Salat’ Chapter-2, ‘Salat before Jumuah’ Paragraph-94.

Rules of Jumma prayer

One – Jumma prayer is two Rakats. Kirat will be recited aloud in both Rakats. Abdullah bin Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

According to Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), the Friday prayer is two rak’ahs, the Eid al-Fitr prayer is two rak’ahs, and the Eid al-Adha prayer is two rak’ahs, and the prayer is two rak’ahs during the journey. This has been proved by the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

Nasai Hadith: 1420; Ibn Majah, Hadith: 1064; Allama Albani called the hadith Saheeh.

Two- Recite Surah Al-Fatiha in every rak’ah of the Jumua prayer and then recite any one Surah. However, the Sunnah is to recite Surah Al-Jumma after Surah Al-Fatihah in the first rak’ah and Surah Al-Munafiqun in the second rak’ah, or Surah Al-A’la in the first rak’ah and Surah Al-Ghashiyah in the second Rakat.

It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to recite ‘Alif Mim Tanzeel’ and Surah Ad-Dahar in the Fajr prayer on Jumua and Surat Al-Jumuah and Surat al-Munafiqun in the Jumuah prayer.

Muslim, Hadith: 3096; Nasai Hadith: 1421; Baihaqi: 5627

Three: There is no Sunnah prayer before the Jummah prayer. However, he can recite Nafl Salat as much as he wants. And after the Jumma prayer, the Sunnah prayer is two Rakats or four Rakats.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) narrated from Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that 

When one of the Ta’imah prays the Jumma prayer, he should then pray four Rakats.

Muslim, Hadith: 61 Nasai, Hadith: 1428; Ibn Majah, Hadith: 1132

In another hadith narrated by Abdullah bin Omar (may Allah be pleased with him), he said,

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not offer any prayer after the Friday prayer. He would leave and then pray to two Rakats.

In another hadith narrated by Abdullah bin Omar (may Allah be pleased with him), he said,

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to pray two rak’ahs in his house after performing the Friday prayer.

Bukhari, Hadith: 938; Muslim, Hadith: 72; Nasai, Hadith: 1428; Abu Dawood, Hadith: 1132; Ibn Majah, Hadith: 1131, Tirmidhi, Hadith: 521.

The Sunnah is that one should not stand up for the Sunnah prayer without saying any message or changing the place as soon as the obligatory prayer is over. It is Sunnat to change the place between fard and Sunnat or to refrain from talking.

It is narrated on the authority of ‘Umar ibn’ Ata ‘that he said: Nafi’ ibn Zubayr sent him to Sa’ib to inform him of what Mu’awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him) saw him doing in the prayer. Then he said, “I pray Jumma with him in the six rooms built in the Maksura Masjid.” After Imam Salam returned, I stood in my place and prayed. Then when he finished the prayer, he entered his house and called me and said, “You will not do such a thing a second time.” When you perform the Jummah prayer, you will not perform any prayer except talking and leaving the mosque. This is because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) instructed us not to offer any prayer in conjunction with the obligatory prayers except to speak or leave the mosque.

Muslim, Hadith: 63. 

The intention of the Jumma prayer

It is obligatory to make intention for every act of worship. Niyat means a determination of the mind. And its place is the heart; Not the face. None of the Prophet and his Companions uttered any specific words; So it is Bidat to utter them orally. Moreover, there are no restrained words for intention. If you make up your mind for any act of worship, the intention will be fulfilled. there is no need to pronounce anything on the face.

Narrated Al-Qamamah Ibn Waqqas Al-Laisi: He said:

I heard ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (R) standing on the pulpit and say: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: Work (will be due) according to intention. And man will be rewarded according to his intention. 

Sahih Bukhari Hadith No. 1

Things to do on Friday

Obligations or duties of Friday
1. To be silent during the sermon, not to speak, and not do any unnecessary work

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: If you say to your companion (someone) while the Imam is delivering the khutbah on Friday: Shut up, then you have spoken in vain.

Sahih Bukhari and Muslim

2. Performing two Rakats of Tahiyatul Masjid before entering the mosque, even if it is during the Imam’s sermon

It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) that on Friday, a man entered the khutbah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). He said to him, “Have you prayed?” He said: No, he said, “Wait! Pray two Rakats.

Bukhari and Muslim

It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him): On Friday, while the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was preaching, Sulaik al-Gatfani (may Allah be pleased with him) came and sat in the mosque. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, O Sulaik! Wait, pray two Rakats of light prayer. Then he said, “While the Imam is delivering the sermon on Friday, one of you should lightly pray two Rakats.

Sahih Muslim

3. Performing the Friday prayer

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Performing the Friday prayer in congregation is obligatory on every Muslim, except four, slaves, women, minors, and the sick.

Sunan Abu Dawood

Sunnat acts of Friday
1. To recite special Kirat in Fajr prayer on Friday

On Fridays, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to recite Surah As-Sajdah in the first rak’ah and Surah Ad-Dahr (Insan) in the second rak’ah of the Fajr prayer.

Sahih Bukhari and Muslim

2. Reading more and more about Darud Sharif

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Surely Friday is one of your best days. On that day Adam (peace be upon him) was created and his soul was captured, the trumpet will be blown. And (the dwellers of the heavens and the earth) will be destroyed or unconscious. So pray over me more and more on that day; Because your prayers are offered to me. ” They (the Companions) asked: O Messenger of Allah! How will our salutation be presented to you when you (i.e. his bones) will grow old? He said, “Allah has forbidden the eating of the bodies of the Prophets for the sake of the earth.”

Sunane Nasai

3. To recite Surah Al-Kahf

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Whoever recites Surah al-Kahf on Friday, a light will illuminate him until the next Friday.

Hakeem, Sheikh Albani has said that the hadith is Saheeh in Irwa.

4. Take a bath

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, ‘If one of you is slow in the Friday prayer, then he must take a bath.’

Sahih Bukhari and Muslim

Bathing will not be made obligatory by the order mentioned in this hadith. Rather it means that taking a bath is better. Because in another hadith, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has said that if someone performs ablution and comes to the Jumma prayer, it will be enough. But it is better to take a bath.

Sunan Tirmizi

5. Miswak and use perfume

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: On the day of Jumma, every adult (adult) should take a bath and Miswak and apply perfume according to his ability.

Sahih Muslim

6. Wear the most beautiful clothes according to your ability

Allah’s Apostle said, that the bath on Friday and perfume, if used, and the most beautiful dress to wear, and then quietly mosque comes, I want to pray there, anyone any trouble, the priest after the prayer to remain silent in his For it will be the expiation between the two Jumma.

Ahmad

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) also said, “If any of you can afford it, he can have two separate clothes for Jumuah, except for two work clothes. There is no problem in that.” 

Sunan Abu Dawood

7. Going for morning prayers

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: The one who performs the obligatory bath on the day of Jumma (after sexual intercourse) and then goes (for Jumuah) should give charity to a camel. The person who goes to the second part should give a cow as charity. The person who goes to the third part is like a sheep-giving charity. And the person who goes to the fourth part is like a hen giving charity. The person who goes to the fifth part is like an egg. When the Imam (for khutbah) comes out, the angels appear and start listening to Zikir (khutbah). 

Sahih Bukhari and Muslim

8. Engage in (nafl) prayers and dhikr until Imam Sahib goes out for khutbah

Allah’s Apostle said, that would bathe the Friday prayer sermon, so the priest until the end of May and will have to be quiet, according to the prayer with the imam Friday prayers, then he will be (his sins) and Friday in front of the next three days until Will is forgiven.

Sahih Muslim

9. Establish the Jumma prayer as soon as possible in the afternoon

Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to offer the Jumua prayer after the sun had set. He added: “We used to recite the Jumma prayer before and after Jumuah (lunch) and relax.”

Sahih Bukhari

Salamah Ibn Aqwa (may Allah be pleased with him) said: We used to pray Jumma with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) after the sun had set and after the prayer (due to the extreme heat of the sun) we would return to the shade. 

Sahih Muslim

10. Specifying special surahs for Friday prayers

Recite Surah Al-A’la and Surah Al-Ghashiya in two rak’ahs of Jumma prayer or recite Surah Al-Jumua and Surah Al-Munafiqun. Narrated Numan Ibn Bashir (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to recite Surah Al-A’la and Surah Al-Ghashiyah during the two Eid and Friday prayers.

Sahih Muslim

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to recite Surah Al-Jumma and Surah Al-Munafiqun in the Friday prayer.

Sahih Muslim

11. Praying two Rakats at home or four Rakats in the mosque after Jumma

Abdullah bin Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) would not offer any prayer after Jumu’ah until he returned (home). (Returning home) After praying two Rakats. 

Sahih Bukhari

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: When you perform the Jumuah prayer, you will pray four rak’ahs after Jumma.

Sahih Muslim

Jumma Mubarak Dua

There is a moment on the day of Jumma in which if you make dua, Allah will accept the dua. But the moment has been kept anonymous so that people value the whole Friday and continue to search for the moment. Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: There is a moment on the day of Jumuah when if a Muslim stands up at that moment and prays to Allah while he is praying, Allah will surely give it to him.

Bukhari, Hadith: 935 Muslim, Hadith: 652

Allama Ibn al-Qayyim said. After presenting the different opinions of the scholars on the subject of accepting the dua on Friday, he said that the most acceptable opinion is the two opinions, the two opinions which have been proved and proved by the hadith.

1- The moment from sitting on the pulpit to the end of the prayer. Because it is narrated from Abdullah bin Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: From sitting on the pulpit to the end of the prayer.

Muslim, Hadith: 653; Sahih Ibn Khuzaima, 1839; Baihaqi, Hadith: 5999

2- The moment is after the Asr prayer on Friday. 

Jadul Ma’ad: 390, 369/1

The commentator of Tirmidhi, Ahmad Muhammad Shakir (R) said that the narrator of the hadith, Abdullah bin Salam (R) has interpreted the statement of the Prophet (sm) here (the state of prayer) as (waiting for the prayer). 

Tirmizi H / 491; Abu Dawud H / 1046; Muwatta, Nasai, Mishkat H / 1359 Juma Article-42.

This means that he did not narrate that he heard it directly from the Prophet (sm). On the other hand, the hadith of Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah narrated by Amr bin Awf (R), which is narrated by Imam Bukhari and Tirmidhi Hasan, is consistent with the statement of the Prophet (sm) (the state of salat). Another hadith narrated in Sahih Muslim from Abu Musa Ashari (R) strengthens it. There, this period is called sitting on the Khatib pulpit until the end of the prayer.

Muslim, Mishkat H / 1356, ‘Jum’a Article-42.

Ibn al-Arabi said that this statement is more accurate. Because the whole of this time is the state of prayer. In this, it is narrated in the hadith that in the state of salat, the speech is similar in both verbal and semantic aspects. Bayhaqi, Ibn al-Arabi, Qurtubi, Nawabi, and others supported this statement.

Ahmad Muhammad Shakir, Sarhe Tirmidhi 2 / 363-64, H. 490-491.

Therefore, the opinion of accepting the supplication while sitting in the salat while sitting on the Khatib pulpit until the salutation is returned is closer to Sahih Hadith. 

The rules of the Friday sermon

1. The Khatib will deliver two sermons before the Friday prayers

In both sermons, Khatib will discuss the basics of the faith. He will discuss matters of faith in Allah, angels, the heavenly book, prophets, messengers, and faith in the Hereafter. Discuss Paradise-Hell. Allah will remind us of the blessings. He has spoken for His beloved servants and of the punishment. He has spoken for His enemies. Call people to God. He will remind you of all the verses that instruct you to remember Allah and give thanks. He will discuss all the verses that make Allah dear to the people. So that the hearts of the people may be filled with faith and Tawheed and the listeners may return home as if they love Allah and Allah loves them.

2. Khatib will deliver a short sermon

The sermon is not so long that people get bored and it is not so short that it is difficult to understand. The goal of the sermon must be achieved. Because, the purpose of giving khutba is to kill people, to warn and warn about punishment and wrath. Khatib who will be. He must be aware of the state of society. The sermon will try to give a sermon on different contexts of society. He will give a sermon on the subject which is very necessary for society. We also have to be careful about the time and give importance to the needs of the worshipers.

Narrated in another hadith

It is narrated on the authority of Jabir bin Samura (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said I prayed with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him).

Muslim, Hadith: 6; Nasai, Hadith: 1582; Tirmidhi, Hadith: 506

3. Will give a sermon on time

The Khatib will come to the mosque on Friday as soon as it is time to deliver the Friday sermon. Khatib will bring the pulpit to the front after reaching the place. Khatib will not read Tahiyatul Masjid. This is because the Prophet (SM) used to ascend directly to the pulpit.

There is no evidence that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came to deliver the khutbah and read the Tahiyyat al-Masjid. The Khatib will first greet the worshipers, then sit on the pulpit until the Azan is over. When the muezzin finishes the call to prayer. he will stand up to deliver the khutbah and begin the khutbah.

It is narrated on the authority of Sa’ib bin Yazid (may Allah be pleased with him) that in the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), in the time of Abu Bakr and ‘Umar, the first call to prayer was made when the Imam sat on the pulpit on Friday. When the number of people increased in the time of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him), he ordered another Azan. Then another Azan was introduced. Now in all Muslim countries, the Jumma prayer is performed by an Iqamah of two Azans.

Bukhari, Hadith: 917

4. He will stand on the pulpit and give a sermon

If there is no pulpit, he will stand in a high place and give a sermon. So that all the worshipers can hear the voice of Khatib. 

Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to stand on the pulpit and deliver the sermon. Place the pulpit in such a way that when the Imam stands facing the Qibla in the arch, the pulpit is to the right of his hand.

Bukhari, Hadith: 919

5. He will stand and give a sermon

It is Sunnat to give a sermon while standing. After giving the first sermon, he will sit for some time. Then he will stand again and give the second sermon. 

It is narrated on the authority of Jabir bin Samura (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to stand up and deliver the khutbah and then he would sit for some time. Then he would stand again and give the second sermon. Whoever says he used to sit and preach is lying. By Allah, I have prayed more than two thousand prayers with him.

Muslim Hadith No. 72

6. Will give a sermon in a harsh voice

It is narrated on the authority of Jabir bin Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him ) that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to deliver the khutbah, his face would turn red, his voice would be loud and he would be very angry. It is as if he is threatening the army by saying they will be attacked in the morning or afternoon. He used to point his fingers together and say that the Hour was very near. 

Then, remember, the best hadith is the Book of Allah, and the best example is the example of Muhammad (peace be upon him). And the worst thing is the newly discovered thing, and all the newly discovered things are misguided. Then he said, I am better for the believer than his life. The person who leaves the wealth is for his family, and the person who leaves the debt is my responsibility.

Muslim, Hadith: 6, Ibn Majah, Hadith: 45

7. Khatib will guide the worshipers in the right direction

When the Khatib feels the need to warn the worshipers about something, he can warn them from the pulpit. If he sees any mistakes in them, he will correct them.

It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (RA) that one day the Prophet (SM) was giving a sermon. At that time a man entered the mosque and sat down. Then the Prophet (SM) asked him, ‘Are you praying?’ Then the man said, no; The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said to him, “Stand up and pray.

Bukhari, Hadith: 930; Muslim, Hadith: 65; Nasai, Hadith: 1409; Tirmizi, 510.

8. Khatib Will give the sermon in their mother tongue

The khutbah must be in the mother tongue and in the language of most people who come to perform prayers; Because khutba means speech, which is normal in the language that the listener understands; Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And We sent not all the Messengers with the language of their people; So that He may explain to them (the religion of Allah).

Surah Ibrahim 14/4

Then our Messenger (sm) is being called Khas, and we have sent down to you ‘Zikr’ (Qur’an) so that you may explain to the people what has been sent down to them. So that they can think and research. Surah Nahl 16/44

Rasulullah (sm) used to give khutba according to the needs of the time. The prophet will not come again; Therefore, as the ‘heir’ of the Prophet, every scholar and khateeb should explain the provisions of the Qur’an and Sahih Hadith in their language in the khutbah; Otherwise, the purpose of the sermon will be destroyed.

It has been narrated in the hadith narrated by Hazrat Jabir bin Samurah during the sermon. The eyes of the Prophet (sm) would turn red with excitement. The voice was loud and the anger was fierce. As if he was warning an army. Muslim, Mishkat H / 1406; Mir’at 2/309; 6, 4 / 498-96.

Sahib Mir’at said that this hadith narrated by Jabir bin Samurah (R) is the first document to give the khutbah according to the situation and in the language that is obligatory for the People who come to perform prayers. Muslim, Mishkat H / 1405; Discussion of Mir’at H / 1418, 4 / 494-95.

It must be remembered that Rasulullah (sm) used to give sermons in his mother tongue. The mother tongue of him and his companions was Arabic. He was the prophet of the world. Therefore, all the speakers of the world should explain the Qur’an and Hadith to his ummah by giving khutbah in their mother tongue. Which must be observed.

If it is said that the Prophet (sm) used to give khutbah in Arabic. Then we also have to give khutbah only in Arabic. Then it will be said that since he always spoke Arabic. Therefore we also have to leave our mother tongue and speak Arabic all the time. If speaking a language other than Arabic is prohibited. Then why did Allah’s Messenger (sm) ask Zayed bin Thabit (R) to learn Hebrew from the Jews? Which he learned in 15 days and read, wrote, and interpreted letters on behalf of the Prophet (sm) in that language. Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Mishkat H / 4659 ‘Etiquette Chapter-25,’ Salam ‘Paragraph-1.

Nawab Siddique Hasan Khan Bhopali (R) said that the regular purpose of Rasulullah (sm) was to encourage the audience towards Paradise and to show fear of Hell. This is the true spirit of khutbah and that is why khutbah has been introduced. Nawab Siddique Hasan Khan Bhopali, R-Rawatun Nadia 1/345.

The practice of reciting Arabic khutbah in different mosques is undoubtedly against the purpose of the khutbah. Realizing this, the third khutbah that has been introduced by speaking in the mother tongue while sitting on the pulpit before the main khutbah is undoubtedly a Bidat. Because the khutba prescribed for Jum’ar is two, not three. Moreover, the time before the main khutba is the time of nafl salat of the People who come to perform prayers. Islam did not give the right to speak to any Khatbib Sahib by wasting the opportunity of their salat. Therefore, if you want to act on the Sunnah, you have to stand in the main khutbah and recite the Holy Qur’an and Sahih Hadith in the language that is obligatory for the People who come to perform prayers. It is forbidden to speak during Khutba. You should not even tell others to ‘shut up.

Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 1375 ‘Achieving cleanliness and going to the mosque in the morning paragraph-44.

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