What is Ashura in Islam? Importance of Ashura fasting

 Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim


What is Ashura in Islam? Importance of Ashura fasting

The meaning of Ashura

The sound of Ashura makes the common man shudder; Because their idea is that Ashura is related to the events of Karbala. And Karbala means the tragic martyrdom of Imam Husain bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in his own family. But in fact, Ashura means the tenth day of Muharram, the first month of the lunar year. Allah Ta’ala has made 4 of the 12 months, namely: Jilqad, Jilhaj, Muharram, and Rajab, as Haram and honorable months.

The words of Allah Ta’ala:

Surely in the decree of Allah and the reckoning are twelve months, from the creation of the heavens and the earth. Four of them are haram i.e. honorable. This is a well-established provision; So do not wrong yourselves in it.

Surah Tawba: Verse No. 36

And people think that Ashura has been named because ten important things have been held on this day. But there is no exact proof of this.

History of Ashura

Four of the 12 months of Hijri are Haram months. Jilkad, Jilhaj, Muharram and Rajab. The first haram month is Muharram and the last haram month is Jilhaj. And in the middle is the forbidden month Rajab. The Arabs called the month of Muharram “Swafrul Awal” or the first visit and made war halal and haram as they wished. Allah Ta’ala abrogated it and renamed it Al-Muharram. Therefore, for the sake of importance, the month of Muharram has been called Shahrullahil Muharram i.e. the month of Muharram of Allah. The day of Ashura is undoubtedly an important day. This day reminds us of a historical event. It is a great day for the establishment of migration and rights for the purpose of religious protection. And that is why every Muslim should remember the day with a special act of worship.

It is clear from a number of Saheeh hadeeths that Moses and his people, the Children of Israel, were saved on this day by crossing the sea from Egypt through the tyranny, oppression, and oppression of Pharaoh. That is why Moses (peace be upon him) fasted on this day out of gratitude and gratitude to Allah and later on the children of Israel also fasted.

The rosary of Asura

This is an important day, the virtue and significance of which is greater. Here are some of them:

(A) On this day the salvation of Moses and the children of Israel and the destruction of Pharaoh and his people

On this day, Allah saved His Messenger Moses and the Children of Israel from the tyranny of Pharaoh and destroyed Pharaoh and his people by drowning them in the Red Sea.

1. The words of Allah Ta’ala:

And when We parted the sea for you, then We saved them and drowned Pharaoh’s people before their eyes.

Surah Al-Baqarah: 50

2. The words of Allah Ta’ala:

And I have caused the Children of Israel to cross the sea. Then they were pursued by Pharaoh and his army for the purpose of evil and transgression. Even when they began to sink, he said, “Now I believe that there is no god but the One in whom the Children of Israel believed.” In fact, I am one of his followers. Now you are talking! But you were already disobeying! And were among the misguided. Therefore, I am saving your body today so that it may be a sign for those after you. And no doubt many people do not pay attention to my superpower.

Surah Yunus: 90-92

3. Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrived in Medina, he saw that the Jews were fasting Ashura. Then he asked them: Why do you fast on this day? They said: This is a great day. On that day God saved Moses and his people and destroyed Pharaoh and his people. That is why we also fast on this day for the sake of giving thanks to Allah and His people. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: We are more entitled to follow Musa (as). He then fasted on Ashura and instructed the Companions to fast as well.

Bukhari 2024 and 3396 Muslim 1130 and 128

(B) The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to search this day more than any other day

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: I have not seen any other fast similar to the one in which I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, seriously examining the fasts of Ashura and Ramadan.

Bukhari H. No. 17 Muslim 2/1132

(C) Even small children used to fast on this day

Narrated Rubaiya bint Mu’awiyah (may Allah be pleased with her): The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) sent messengers to the villages of the Ansari Companions on the morning of Ashura. As if to declare: He who eats in the morning should not eat the rest of the day. And he who does not eat must fast. He (Rubaiya) said: Then we used to fast ourselves; we used to fast our children too. And I would give them toys made of cotton. When none of them muddy for food; Then I used to keep those toys till Iftar. Muslim Sharif narrates: We used to make toys for children with cotton; And kept with us. I used to forget them with toys when they wanted food; So that they may complete their fast.

Bukhari H. No. 1824 Muslim H. No. 1919

(D) The fast of this day was obligatory before the fast of Ramadan became obligatory

Narrated Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her): In the time of Jahiliyyah, the Quraish used to fast Ashura and so did the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Then when he arrived in Medina he observed the fast of Ashura and instructed to observe it. Then when the fast of Ramadan became obligatory, he did not observe the fast of Ashura (as obligatory). (Kept as circumcision) Then whoever wanted and whoever did not want.

Bukhari H. No. 173 Muslim H. No. 1899

(E) This fast is the month of Allah in the month of Muharram, the place and status of which is after the month of Ramadan

Narrated Abu Hurairah: He said: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: The best fast after Ramadan is the fast of Muharram, the month of Allah.

Muslim and Tirmidhi H No. 81

(F) Fasting on this day removes the sins of the last year

When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about the virtues of the fast of Ashura, he said: Regarding the fast of Ashura, I hope that Allaah will forgive the sins of the past one year.

Muslim H. No. 198

Ashura’s fasting rules

It is Sunnat to fast on the ninth day along with the tenth day; So as not to be identical with Judeo-Christians. And this is the best thing that the Companions used to do after the death of the Holy Prophet.

1. Narrated Abdullah bin Abbas: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) fasted Ashura; And instructed to keep. Later (The Companions) said: This day is highly respected by the Judeo-Christians. The Prophet (sm) said: “If Allaah wills, the next year will come; Then we will also fast on the ninth day. But the next year, before the arrival of Ashura, the Prophet died.

Muslim H. No. 1918

2. Narrated Abdullah bin Abbas: The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said: If I am alive, I must fast on the ninth day.

Muslim H. No. 1918

3. Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: You should fast on the tenth day as well as on the ninth day.

Musannaf Abdur Razzak, the sanad of the hadith is Saheeh-pure

May Allah Ta’ala grant us the Tawfiq to understand and act properly. Allahumma Amin.

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