The correct rules of salat in Saheeh hadith


The correct rules of salat in Saheeh hadith

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim, Today’s topic of discussion is The correct rules of salat in Saheeh hadith.

1. What is the meaning of Salat?

The literal meaning of Salat is Doa, Rahmat, asking for forgiveness, etc. In the technical sense, the best act of worship in which a servant seeks forgiveness and prays to Allah through a Shari’ah-directed procedure is called salat or namaz, which begins with Takbeer Tahrima and ends with salam.

Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Daremi, Mishkat H / 312 ‘Holiness Chapter-3; Muslim, Mishkat H / 691 Salat Chapter-4, ‘Description of Salat’ Paragraph-10.

2. Provision of salat

Prayers are obligatory after receiving prophethood. But then the prayers were only in Fajr and Asr with two Rakats (Qurtubi). As Allah said to His Messenger, “Praise your Lord before sunset and before sunrise.” (Ghafir / Mumin 40/55; Mir’at 2/269)

Ayesha (R) said that in the beginning, the prayers were at home and on the journey in two Rakats. 

Muslim H / 65; Abu Dawud H / 1198; Fikbhus Sunnah 1/211.

Besides, the prayers of Tahajjud were extra for the Prophet (sm) (Isra / Banu Israel 17/69). At the same time, the Companions also used to perform Nafl prayers at night regularly. 

Muzammil 63/20; Qurtubi in Tafsir

Prayers are obligatory five times daily on the night of Miraj.

Muttafaq Alaih, Muslim, Mishkat H / 582-65 ‘Fayail and Shamail’ Chapter-29, ‘Miraj’ Paragraph-6.

The five daily prayers are – Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Esha. 

Abu Dawood H / 391, 393 Salat Chapter-2, Paragraph-1.

There is also the obligatory salat of Juma, which is to be recited once a week on Friday afternoon.

Friday 72/9; Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H / 1354,’ Juma paragraph-42

Fikbhus Sunnah 1/226.

3. The importance of salat

1) The place of prayer in Islam is after reciting Shahadat in Kalema.

Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 162 Zakat ‘Chapter-7, Chapter-1

2) Prayers are the best acts of worship in Islam, which are obligatory on the night of Miraj.

Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 572-65 ‘Fayail and Shamail’ Chapter-29, Miraj Paragraph-6

3) Prayers are the main pillar of Islam without which Islam cannot survive.

Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Mishkat Hadith No. 29 Iman Chapter

4) Salat is the only important act of worship, which has to be practiced from the age of 6 years.

Abu Daud H / 246, Mishkat H / 572 Salat ‘Chapter-4, Chapter-2

5) The destruction of prayer has been described in the Holy Qur’an as the destruction of the nation. 

Maryam 19/59 

6) Salat is the most discussed topic in the Holy Quran.

The Qur’an mentions prayer in at least 72 places.

7) For the believer, the obligatory duty in all circumstances is prayer, which is not the case with other acts of worship. 

Bakbara 2 / 238-39; Nisa 4 / 101-03.

8) The first rope of Islam to be severed is its system of governance and the last cord to be severed is salat.

Ahmad, Sahih Ibn Hibban; Albani, Sahih at-Targhib wat Tarhib, H / 589; Albani, Sahih Jame Chagir H / 5075, 546.

9) Resurrection will take place only after the departure of ‘prayers’ from the world. 

Ahmad, Sahih Ibn Hibban; Albani, Sahih at-Targhib wat Tarhib, H / 589; Albani, Sahih Jame Chagir H / 5075, 546.

10. On the Day of Resurrection, the first thing that will be taken into account is the prayer of the servant. If the calculation of the prayer is correct, all his deeds will be correct. And if the calculation of the prayer is incorrect, all his deeds will be wasted. 

Tabarani Awsat, Sahih At-Targhib Wat Tarhib H / 369, Silsila Sahihah H / 1356; Abu Dawud H / 64-6; Nasai, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 1330 Salatut Tasbeeh ‘Paragraph-40. 

11. Salat has been made obligatory five times a day, which has not been done during any other obligatory acts of worship. 

Muttafaq Alaih, Muslim, Mishkat H / 572-65 ‘Miraj’ paragraph; Nisa 4/103.

12. The difference between a believer and a disbeliever is prayer. (Muslim Hadith No. 134)

13. The sign of a hellish person is that he destroys the prayers and becomes a worshiper of instinct (Maryam 19/59). 

14. Ibrahim (AS) prayed to Allah to establish prayers for himself and his children (Ibrahim 14/40). 

15. At the time of death, the last will and testament of the Prophet (sm) were about prayers and women. (Ibn Majah Hadith No. 2697)

4. Virtues of salat

(1) Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): (Ankabut 29/45). 

Abul Aliyah said that he cannot be called Namaz without three objects. 

(A) Sincerity or devotion, which instructs him to do righteous deeds 

(B) Fear of God, which keeps him from doing wrong 

(C) Recitation of the Qur’an, which guides him to good and evil. 

Abu Hurairah (R) said, once a person came and told Rasulullah (sm) that such a person prays (Tahajjud) at night. Then steals in the morning. In reply, Rasulullah (sm) told him that waking up at night would immediately stop him from doing what you are saying. (Ahmad Hadith No. 9777)

(2) Rasulullah (sm) said, five times prayers, one Jumu’ah after Jumu’ah and one Ramadan after Ramzan as expiation for all (sagira) sins if he abstains from Big sins (which is not forgiven without repentance). (Mishkat Hadith No. 574)

(3) He said, “If you take a bath five times a day in the river flowing in front of your house, will there be any dirt left on your body?” The comparison of the five daily prayers is exactly the same. God removes sins through it. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 565)

(4) He further said that for the person who has taken care of the prayer, the salat will be the cause of light, document, and salvation on the Day of Resurrection. (Ahmad H / 656)

(5) The Prophet (sm) narrated from Abdullah bin Amr (R) said that when the servant is standing in prayer, all his sins are presented. Then it is placed on his head and on his shoulders. Then when that person goes into Ruku or sajdah, the sins fall away. (Tabarani, Bayhaqi, Albani, Sahihul Jame H / 161)

(6) Rasulullah (sm) said, 

(A) A person who performs Fajr and Asr salat regularly will not go to Hell. He will enter Paradise. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 624-25)

(B) The angels of day and night gather during the Fajr and Asr prayers. When the angels of the night ascended to heaven, God asked them, “In what condition did you leave My servants?” Although he is aware of everything. Then the angels say: We found them in the state of (Asr) salat and left them in the state of (Fajr) prayer. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 628). In the Qur’an, the Fajr prayer is called ‘Mashhud’. (Isra 16/6). That is, due to the change of angels at that time, the angels of night and day come together and become witnesses. (Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 635)

(C) The person who performed the Fajr salat remained in the care of Allah. If anyone wants to free someone from that responsibility, he will be thrown upside down in hell. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 628)

(7) He said that the five daily prayers that Allah has made obligatory on His servants,

Allah has promised to forgive the person who performs ablution properly for them, performs the prayers according to the time, and completes the Ruku ‘and Khushu-Khuju. And whoever does not do these things, then Allah has no promise for him. He can forgive him if He wills, and punish him if He wills. (Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Malik, Nasai, Mishkat H / 570)

(8) Narrated from Abu Hurairah (R) Rasulullah (sm) said that Allah said, I declared war on the person who made enmity with any of my beloved servants. There is nothing dearer to me than the search for my nearness through the things I have forced. The servant is always trying to get close to me through various supererogatory acts of worship, as long as I love him. Then when I love him, I become his ear with which he listens. I become the eye with which he sees. I become the hand with which he holds. And I become afoot, with the help of which he moves. If he asks me for something, I give it to him. If he begs for shelter, I give him shelter. (Bukhari H / 6502)

5. Terms of salat

Some things outside the prayer, otherwise the salat is not perfect, are called the conditions of the prayer. Which is 9. E.g.

(1) Becoming a Muslim (Ale Imran 3/75; Tawba 9/18)

(2) To be knowledgeable (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, Mishkat H / 327)

(3) Becoming an adult and therefore starting praying from the age of seven (Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 562)

(4) Purification of body, clothes, and place (Maeda 5/6, Araf 7/31, Muddassir 64/4; Muslim Mishkat H / 260 Purchase and Sale ‘Chapter, Paragraph 1; Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Daremi, Mishkat H / 636, 739, paragraph-6)

(5) Covering the specific parts of the body. During salat, for men, from the two shoulders and navel to the knees, and for women, except for the palms and the face of both hands, from head to toe, the whole is covered as specific parts of the body. (Mishkat H / 655, Surah Noor 24/31)

(6) Being on time (Nisa 4/103)

(7) Purification through ablution or tayammum (Maeda 6)

(8) Facing the Qibla (Baqarah 2/144)

(9) Intention or determination of prayer (the first hadith of Bukhari and Mishkat)

6. Fard of salat

Rukn means pillar. These are essential issues. If it is abandoned intentionally or by mistake, the prayers are canceled. Which is 6. E.g.

(1) Qiyam or standing

GOD says, “Stand firm for GOD.” (Baqara 2/236) 

(2) Tahrima in takbeer

That is to say, Allahu Akbar, raising both hands up to the shoulders or ears. Allah says: Give Takbeer to your Lord. (84/3 of Muddassir). That is, declare his greatness. Rasulullah (sm) said, everything is haram for prayer through Takbeer and everything is halal through returning salaam. (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 312)

(3) To recite Surah Fatiha

Rasulullah (sm) said the salat of a person who does not recite Surah Fatiha is not perfect. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 622)

(4) To bow

Allah says O you who believe! You bow and prostrate. (Hajj 22/6). 

(5) Prostrate

Allah says O you who believe! You bow and prostrate. (Hajj 22/6). 

(6) Performing prayers in Tadil Arkan or in a slow-steady manner

Abu Huraira (R) said, “When a person enters the mosque and greets the Prophet (sm) after the prayers, he replies to him and says, ‘Go back and perform the prayer.’ Because you did not pray. Thus the man prayed three times and the Prophet (sm) sent him back three times. Then the man said, O Messenger of Allah (sm)! I swear by the One who sent you with the truth, I do not know how to pray better than this. So please teach me prayer! (Then he taught him to perform salat slowly and healthily). (Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 790, ‘Description of Salat’ paragraph-10).

(7) Akhirah or last meeting in the mud

Hazrat Umm Salama (R) said that in the time of the Prophet (sm), the women used to get up after returning the salaam after the obligatory prayers in the congregation, and the Prophet (sm) and the male worshipers used to sit for some time. Then when the Prophet (sm) stood up, they also stood up. (Bukhari, Mishkat H / 946 Tashahhud Doa Paragraph-16)

This proves that sitting at the last meeting and returning the salutation was the regular Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Sahaba. It is revealed that if in a state of incapacity due to a serious illness or any other practical reason, it is not possible to fulfill the above conditions and conditions properly, then he should perform the prayers by sitting or lying down. (Bukhari; Mishkat H / 1248). But prayers are not waived under any circumstances as long as there is knowledge.

7. Wajib of salat

Rukn is followed by Wajib, which is a must. Which, if deliberately disputed, cancels the prayers; And if you argue by mistake, you have to give ‘Sahu in Sijdah’. 8 obligatory prayers. E.g.

1. All other takbeers except takbeer in takbeer. (Bukhari, Muslim and others, Mishkat H / 699, 601)

2. Reading tasbih in ruku. At least Subha-na Rabbiyal called ‘Azeem’. (Nasai, Abu Dawood Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 61 Ruku paragraph-13)

3. Called SamiAllah-Huliman Hamidah during Qawma. (Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat H / 60, 64, 65, 7)

4. The Doa of Qawma is at least called Rabbana Lakal Hamd or ‘Alla-Humma Rabbana Lakal Hamd’. (Bukhari H / 632-35, 636; Muslim H / 904, 913).

5. Going to prostrate and reciting tasbih. At least say Subha-na Rabbiyal Ala ‘. (Nasai, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 61)

6. Sitting still in the middle of two prostrations and reciting Doa. Such as saying ‘Rabbigfirli’ at least 2 times. (Ibn Majah H / 696; Abu Dawud H / 750)

7. Sitting in the first meeting and reciting Tashahhud. (Mishkat H / 909)

8. Concluding prayers through Salam. (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 312)

8. Sunnahs of Salat

All other acts of salat except fard and wajib are Sunnat. E.g. 

(1) All the prayers of the day except the obligatory prayers of Jumu’ah should be recited silently and the obligatory prayers of the night should be recited aloud.

(2) To recite Auzubillah silently before Kirat in the first rak’ah

(3) To recite all the prayers to be recited in the prayer

(4) Hands tied to the chest 

(5) Raf’ul Yadain 

(6) Saying, Amin 

(7) Laying hands on the ground before going for prostration 

(8) To rest in Jalsa 

(9) Standing on the ground with both hands 

(10) Standing in prayer and keeping an eye on the place of prostration 

(11) to fist like the right hand 53 during Tashahhud and to keep moving the finger of martyrdom; Besides, all lawful actions are beyond the obligation. 

9. Reasons for breaking Salat

1. Intentionally eating or drinking something while salat. 

2. Speaking intentionally for reasons other than the interest of prayer. 

3. Deliberately doing extra work or ‘Amale Kachir’. The idea is that he is not in the prayer.

4. Intentionally or unjustifiably abandoning any part of the prayer. 

5. Laughing more in prayer.

10. The number of Rakats of Salat

A total of 17 Rakats day and night five times and 15 Rakats on Friday are obligatory and 12 or 10 rak’at prayers are Muakkadah in the Sunnah. E.g.

(1) Fajr: 2 rak’ats of sunnat, then 2 rak’ats of fard 

(2) dhuhr: 4 or 2 Rakats of Sunnat, then 4 Rakats are obligatory. Then 2 Rakats of circumcision 

(3) Asr: 4 Rakats are obligatory 

(4) Maghrib: 3 Rakats are obligatory. Then 2 Rakats of circumcision 

(5) Isha: 4 rak’ats are obligatory. Then 2 rak’ats of Sunnah. Then at the end of one rak’ah of Vitr. 

Friday prayers are 2 Rakats obligatory. If you read Jumu’ah, you don’t have to recite Zohar. Because Zuma is the substitute for Zohar. At least 2 Rakats of Tahiyatul Masjid before entering the mosque after Farz and 4 or 2 Rakats of Sunnat at the end of Jumu’ah. 

All the above are determined by the regular deeds of the Prophet (sm) and are proved by the Saheeh hadeeths. 

Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah ‘Salat Chapter, Paragraph 2; Nasai ‘Salat’ Chapter-5, Paragraph-3

11. Times of Salat

It is obligatory to perform salat five times at the time prescribed by Allah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): Jibreel (AS) came at the time of Zuhr the day after the five daily prayers became obligatory on the night of Miraj. Duration নির্দিষ্ট specified between the two periods. (Abu Dawood H / 393; Tirmidhi H / 149) However, Rasulullah (sm) has called praying in Awal time the best deed. (Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 606)

(1) Fajr

From Chhubhe Chadik to before sunrise. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) always performed the Fajr prayer in the darkness of the ‘galas’ or the dawn, and only once in his life did he perform the Fajr salat at the time when it was fair. This was his regular practice until his death. (Abu Dawud H / 394)

198 Therefore, the real Sunnah is to perform Fajr salat at the time of ‘Galas’, i.e. in the darkness of Veer.

(2) Zohar

As soon as the sun sets in the west, the time of Zuhr begins and ends when the object’s own shadow multiplies. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 561)

(3) Asr

The time of the meeting begins when the original shadow of the object is one-fold and ends when it is doubled. However, it is permissible to recite Asr till the red time before sunset. (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 563)

(4) Maghrib

The time of Maghrib begins as soon as the sun sets and lasts until the end of the redness of the sun. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 561)

(5) Esha

The time of Esha starts after Maghrib and ends at midnight. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 561)

However, due to urgent reasons, it is permissible to perform the Isha prayer before Fajr. (Muslim H / 1582)

It is better to offer the Zuhr prayer a little late in the hot summer and a little earlier in the Esha prayer in the hot winter. However, if you do not feel pain, it is better to perform the Esha prayer after one-third of the night. (Bukhari, Mishkat H / 590-91)

12. Forbidden time of Salat

It is not permissible to start the prayer at sunrise, noon, and sunset. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 1039-40)

Similarly, there is no prayer from the Asr prayer to sunset and from the Fajr prayer to sunrise. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 1041)

However, it is permissible to perform the Qaza prayer at this time. (Muttafaq ‘alaih, Mishkat H / 1043)

In the light of various hadiths, many scholars have said that ’cause-specific prayers are permissible at forbidden times. Such as Tahiyatul Masjid, Tahiyatul Ozu, Salat of the solar eclipse, Funeral prayer, etc. Jum’ar salat is permissible at noon.

In the same way, it is permissible to pray and circumambulate the Kaaba at all times of the day and night. (Nasai, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 1045)

13. Forbidden place of Salat

The Prophet (sm) narrated from Abu Saeed Khudri (R) that the whole world is a place of prostration, except the graveyard and the bathroom. (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Daremi, Mishkat H / 636). The hadeeth that prayer is forbidden in seven places is Zayef. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Mishkat H / 636 Albani, Irwa H / 26; Zayful Jame H / 3235)

14. The rules of praying Salat

14.1. Intention

Niyat means determination. It is essential to make an intention at the beginning of the prayer. Rasulullah (sm) said, all deeds depend on intention and every person will get what he intends. (1st Hadith of Sahih Bukhari and Mishkat) Therefore, one should perform ablution for prayer, purify oneself, return to Kaaba with clean clothes and body and mind, turn one’s face towards it, and make a firm resolve to pray in one’s mind and stand before Him with a humble heart. The conventional practice of oral recitation is a new creation in religion. It has no place in the prayer of Rasulullah (sm). Many people think that the prayer of Jainamaz before the start of the prayer is Inni Wajjahtu … read. This custom is a violation of Sunnah. Basically, there is no such thing as Jainamaz Doa. 

14.2. Takbeer e Tahrima

After performing ablution, he should stand facing the Qibla with the intention of salat, raise the fingers of both hands towards the Qibla, raise his shoulders or ears, forbid all worldly things, declare the greatness of his Lord and say ‘Allah-hu Akbar’ (Allah is greater than all). Then, with the left hand tied over the right hand over the chest, the Creator will stand with his eyes fixed on the place of prostration before Allah. 

Wael bin Huzur (R) said,

I prayed with Rasulullah (sm). I saw that he put his right hand on his chest over his left hand. 

Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah H / 469; Abu Dawud H / 855, from Ibn Mas’ud; 6, H / 759

14.3. Sana

Puppy means appreciation. It is basically the doa of resignation or the beginning of salat; Musalli will start his best worship with the following prayer with a humble heart, keeping his hands on his chest and looking at the place of prostration. 

Pronunciation: Alla-humma ba-‘ed bayni wa bayna khatba-ya-ya, kama ba’adta baynal mashriki wal magribi. Alla-humma nakkini minal khatba-ya, kama unakkrch saobul ab yayu minad danasi. Alla hummagsil khatba-ya-ya bil ma-yi was salji wal baradi ‘. 

Translation: O Allah! Make such a distance between me and my sins as you have made between the East and the West. O, Allah! You cleanse me from sins, just as white clothes are cleansed from filth. O Allah, wash away my sins with water, ice, and dew.

Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 612 What to read after takbeer ‘Article-11.

This is called ‘Istiftah’ in the lamb or prayer. There is another doa for the baby. However, this doa is the purest. 

14.4. Recitation of Surah Fatiha

After reciting Isteftah or Chana in the prayer, he will recite Surah Fatiha along with Auzubillah and Bismillah and say only Bismillah in other rak’ahs. If it is a poisonous prayer, at the end of Surah Fatiha, say Amin aloud. 

14.5. Recitation

After reciting Surah Fatiha, if the Imam or a lone worshiper, he should recite another Surah or some verse of the Qur’an in the first two Rakats. But if you are a following Performer, you will recite only Surah Fatiha in the Zahri prayer and listen to the Qiraat of the Imam attentively. However, in the salat of Zuhr and Asr, all the Imam Muqtadis will recite Surah Fatiha in the first two rak’ahs and other Surahs, and in the last two rak’ahs, they will recite only Surah Fatiha. 

14.6. Ruku

At the end of the recitation, say ‘Allahu Akbar’, raise both hands up to the shoulders or ears, and go to Ruku ‘Raful Yadayen. At this time, keep the legs, arms, back, and head straight with both hands on the knees and recite the Doa of Ruku. 

Rukur Doa: Subha-na Rabbiyal ‘Azeem’ (Holy is my Lord who is great) should be recited at least three times. 

14.7. Qowma

Then get up from your knees and stand up straight and steady. At this time both hands should be raised up to the shoulders facing the Qibla and all the Imams and Muqtadis will say ‘Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah’ (Allah listens to him who praises Him). Then the Doa of ‘Qawma’ will be recited once. 

Qawma Doa: Rabbana Lakal Hamd ‘(O our Lord! All praise is due to You). Or read- Rabbana wa lakal hamdu hamdan kashiran twayebam muba-rakan fihi ‘(O our Lord! Countless praise for you, which is holy and blessed). There are other prayers for Qawma. 

14.8. Sijdah

At the end of the Doa recitation of Qawma, he will say ‘Alla-hu Akbar’, first he will prostrate with both hands and then two knees on the ground and he will recite more and more duas. At this time, with both hands facing the Qibla, place it normally on the ground along the shoulders or ears on both sides of the head. Elbows and armpits will be empty. Do not lean on the knees or the ground. The prostration will be long and the back will be straight. As if the bottom is empty like a kid’s goat. 

Get up from prostration and sit on the left foot and keep the right foot upright. At this time the prayers will be recited sitting still. Then he will go to the second prostration and recite the prayer saying ‘Allah-hu Akbar’. Qur’anic dua will not be recited in bowing and prostration. Before standing in the 2nd and 4th rak’ahs, get up from prostration and sit still for a short time. This is called ‘Jalsaye Istirahat’ or ‘Meeting of Relief’. Then he will stand on the ground with both hands.

Dua in Sajda: (Subha-na Rabbiyal Ala) means’ Most Holy is my Lord who is the highest. Read at least three times. There are other Doa of Ruku and Sijdar. Doa for the meeting between the two prostrations:

Pronunciation: Alla-Hummagfir Lee Warhani Waz Burni Wahdini Wa ‘Afini Warjhukuni. Translation: O Allah! Forgive me, have mercy on me, correct my condition, guide me, heal me, and provide for me.

Tirmizi H / 264; Ibn Majah H / 696; Abu Dawood H / 650

14.9. Meeting

He will sit in the meeting at the end of the 2nd rak’ah. In the three Rakats and four Rakats prayers, after the 2nd Rakat, after the 1st sitting, he will stand up saying Allahu Akbar, raise both hands along with the ears or shoulders, and tie them on the chest again. In the case of obligatory prayers, it is not necessary to combine other surahs with Surah Fatiha in the 3rd and 4th rak’ahs, but if it is Sunnat or nafl, it is necessary to combine other surahs with Surah Fatiha. Then the last meeting will be done. And in the two rak’at prayers, the last meeting should be held after the 2nd rak’at.

In the 1st sitting, only ‘Attahiya-tu’ will be recited and he will get up for the 3rd rak’ah. And after reciting ‘Attahiya-tu’ in the last meeting, Darood, Mashurah in Doa, and other prayers will be recited more and more if possible. In the 1st sitting, sit on the top of the left foot, and in the last sitting, sit on the top of the left buttock with the sole of the right foot and bring the tip of the left foot out and keep the right foot upright. 

At this time the toes of the right foot will face the Qibla. During the meeting, the fingers of the left hand should be facing the qibla along the edge of the left knee, and in the normal position, the right hand should be kept in a fist like 53 and the shahadat should continue to move the finger until the salutation is returned. The eyes of the worshiper will not go beyond the gesture. 

14.9.1. Tashahhud (Attahiya-tu):

Pronunciation: Attahiya-tu lilla-hi was chalawa-tu wat tbaiyiba-tu assala-mu alayka ayuhan nabiyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu. Assalamu alayna wa ala iba-dilla-hish cha-lihin. Ashhadu Al La-Ila-Ha Illallahu Wa Ashhadu Anna Muhammadan Abduhu Wa Rasuluhu. Translation: All honor, all worship, and all sacred things are for Allah. O Prophet! May peace be upon you and may the blessings and prosperity of Allah descend upon you. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous servants of God. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. 

Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 909 ‘Salat Chapter-4,’ Tashahhud ‘Paragraph-15

14.9.2. Darood:

Pronunciation: Alla-humma challe ala muhammadiu wa ala ali muhammadin kama challaita ‘ala ibrahima wa ala ali ibrahima innaka hamidum majid. Allahumma barik ‘ala muhammadi wa ala a-le muhammadin kama ba-rata’ ala ibrahima wa ala ali ibrahima innaka hamidum majeed.

Translation: O Allah! Have mercy on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have mercy on Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Surely you are praised and honored. O, Allah! Bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Surely you are praised and honored.

Muttafaq ‘alaih, Mishkat H / 919

14.9.3. Dua masura:

The meaning of fish is described in the hadith. As such, all the Doi Masuras are mentioned in the Hadith. Not just a blessing. However, the following prayer has gained fame in this country as ‘Do’aye Mashurah’. 

Pronunciation: Alla-humma Inni jalamatu naksi zulman kachirao ala yagfiruz junuba illa anta, fagfirli magfiratam min indika warhamni innaka antal gafurur rahim. 

Translation: O Allah! I have done many wrongs to my heart. There is no one to forgive those sins except you. So forgive me, especially for being on your side, and have mercy on me. Surely Thou art the Forgiving, the Merciful. 

Muttafaq ‘Alaih, Mishkat H / 942’ Tashahhude Doa Paragraph-17; Bukhari H / 634 Azan Chapter-2, Doa before Salam Paragraph-149. 

At the end of the Tashahhud, there is a special request to recite the following dua –

Pronunciation: Alla-humma inni aujubika min ‘aya-b jahannama wa a’ujubika min’ aya-bil kabri, wa aujubika min fitnatil masihi dajja-li, wa aujubika min fitnatil mahiya wal mama-ti. Meaning: O Allah! I seek refuge in You from the torment of Hell, from the torment of the grave, from the torment of the Dajjal, and from the torment of life and death.

Muslim, Mishkat H / 940-41

At the end of the Doa between Tashahud and Salam, the Messenger of Allah (sm) used to recite the Doa of Neem:

(1) Pronunciation: Alla-hummagfirli ma kaddamtu ama akshartu, wama asrartu ama a lantu, wama asraftu, wa ma anta alamu bihi minni; Antal muqaddimu wa antal Muakhkhiru, la ila-ha illa anta. 

Translation: O Allah! Forgive me for all my past and present sins (and forgive those sins) so that I have transgressed and those sins which you know more than me. You own the front and the back. There is no god but you.

Muslim, Mishkat H / 613 ‘Salat’ Chapter-4, ‘What to read after Takbir’ Paragraph-11. 

(2) Alla-humma inni asalukal jannata wa a’yu bika minanna-ra ‘ 

(O Allah! I am praying to You for Paradise and seeking refuge from Hell).

Abu Dawood H / 693, ‘Salat Chapter-2, Paragraph-126; Sahih Ibn Hibban H / 65

Know about Doa between Tashahhud and Salam: Rasulullah (sm) used to recite different Doa between Tashahhud and Salam. 

Muslim, Mishkat H / 613 What to read after takbeer ‘Paragraph-11; Nawabi, Riyadus Salehin ‘Zikir’ Chapter H / 1424.

It has been narrated at the end of Tashahhud (i.e. Attahiyatu) narrated by Ibn Masood (R) that Rasulullah (sm) said, then he will do whatever he likes among the Doas. 

Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 909; Miraat H / 915, 3/235.

Explaining this, a group of scholars said that there is no sin at this time and it is not against manners, but all kinds of prayers can be made in this world and in the Hereafter. On the other hand, the other group says that one should only pray through the Doas mentioned in the Qur’an and Hadith. Because Allah’s Apostle (sm) has said, in this salat we cannot speak ordinary human words. It is only Tasbeeh, Takbeer, and recitation of the Quran  

Muslim, Abu Dawood, Nasai, Mishkat H / 98 

The similarity between the two hadiths can be that all such Doa can be made to Allah, not for the purpose of others and not against manners. However, since the entire ceremony is in Arabic, it is not safe for non-Arabs to pray in Arabic, which they have prepared for themselves. Secondly: It is better for everyone to recite the Dua of Hadith. But when the Doa is not known, it would be best for him to recite at the end of the conventional Doa Mashurah (Allah-Humma Inni Jalamatu …) a substantial Doa like the following Doa, which covers all the necessities of this world and the Hereafter. Anas (R) said Rasulullah (sm) used to recite this prayer most of the time.

Allahumma Rabbana Atina Fiddunia Hasanatao Wafil A-Khirate Hasanatao Wa Kina Aza-Banna. Or Alla-humma a-tina fiddunia ..

O Allah! Our Lord! Grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and save us from the torment of Hell.

Bukhari Hadith No. 4522

At this time the issues of worldly needs will be included in the intention. Because Allah knows the heart of the servant and hears the cry of his heart. It is better not to mention any specific subject during the prayer. Because Allah knows best what is good for the servant in the future.

14.10. Salam

At the end of Doa Masurah, first to the right and then to the left, say Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah (peace and blessings be upon you from Allah!). ‘Wa Barakatuhu’ (and its blessings) can be added at the end of the first salam. After completing the prayer in this way, he will first recite the following du’aa’s and other Dua, saying ‘Alla-hu Akbar’ (Allah is the greatest of all) and ‘Astaghfirullah’ (I seek forgiveness from Allah) three times. At this time the Imam will turn right or left and sit directly back towards the Muktadis. Then everyone will recite other Doa including the following Doa.

Pronunciation: Alla-humma Antas sala-mu wa minkas sala-mu, Taba-Rakta ya jal jalali wal ikram. 

Translation: O Allah, you are the peace, peace comes from you. Blessed are you, O owner of dignity and honor.

15. Dua of Salat

15.1. Dua after the obligatory prayers

1. Alla-hu Akbar (once loud). Astagfirullah, Astagfirullah, Astagfirullah. 

Meaning: Allah is greater than all. I ask God for forgiveness.

Muttafaq Alaih, Muslim, Mishkat H / 959, 961 Zikr after salat ‘paragraph-18.

2. Allah-humma antas sala-mu, wa minkas sala-mu, taba-rakta ya jal jala-li wal ikra-m.

Meaning: O Allah! You are peace, peace comes from you. Blessed are you, O owner of dignity and honor. After reading this, the Imam can get up.

Muslim, Mishkat H / 960

3. La ila-ha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa hua ala qulli shayin qadir; La hawla wala kuwata illa billa-ha (loudly). (Mishkat H / 963) Alla-humma a inni ‘ala zikrika wa shukrika wa husne’ iba-datika. Alla-humma la ma-ne a lema a twaita ala mutbia lema mana ta ala yafa’u jal jaddi mikal jadu. 

Meaning: There is no god but Allah, the One and Only. All kingdoms are for Him and all praise is due to Him. He is powerful over all things. There is no power, no power except with Allah. (Mishkat H / 963) ‘O, Allah! Help me to remember you, to thank you, and to worship you beautifully. (Mishkat H / 949) ‘O, Allah! There is no one to stop what you want to give and there is no one to give what you withhold. The wealth of a rich person can do no good without your mercy. (Mishkat H / 972)

4. Rajitu billa-he rabbao wa bil isla me deenao wa bimuhammadin nabiyya.

Meaning: I am satisfied with Allah as my Lord, Islam as my religion, and Muhammad as my Prophet. Rasulullah (sm) said Paradise will become obligatory for the person who recites this dua. (Abu Dawood H / 1529)

5. Alla-humma inni aujubika minal jubni wa aujubika minal bukhli wa aujubika min aryalil ‘umure; Wa aujubika min fitnatid dunhiya wa ‘aya-bil qabare. 

Meaning: O Allah! (1) I seek refuge in You from cowardice (2) I seek refuge from miserliness (3) I seek refuge from the worst age, (4) I seek refuge from the fitna of the world, and (5) from the torment of the grave. (Bukhari, Mishkat H / 964)

6. Alla-humma inni aujubika minal hammi wal hajani wal ‘azi wal kasale wal jubne wal bukhle wa jalaid dayne wa galabati rijal. 

Meaning: O Allah! I seek refuge in You from anxiety and sorrow, from incapacity and laziness; From cowardice and miserliness, and from the burden of debt and coercion of man. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 2456)

7. Subhanallah wa bihamdihi adada khalqbihi wa riza nasihi wa jhinata ‘arshihi wa mida-da kalima-tih (3 times). Meaning: Holy God and all praise are due to Him. Equivalent to the number of His creation, equal to the satisfaction of His being, and similar to the weight of His throne and the scope of His glorious words. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 2301)

8. Ya muqallibal kunube chabbit kalbi ‘ala dbinika, alla-humma musarirfal kulube charrif kulubana’ ala twaa-atika. 

Meaning: O changer of hearts! Keep my heart firm on your religion. O Transformer of hearts! Turn our hearts to your obedience. (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Mishkat H / 102)

9. Alla-humma adkhilnil jannata wa ajirni minanna-ra (3 times). 

Meaning: O Allah, admit me to Paradise and protect me from Hell! (Tirmidhi, Nasai, Mishkat H / 246)

10. Alla-humma inni asalukal huda wat tuka wal ‘afafa wal gina.

Meaning: O Allah! I pray to You for guidance, piety, holiness, and prosperity. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 2464)

11. Subha-nalla-ha (33 times). Alhamdulillah (33 times). Allahu Akbar (33 times). La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa hua ala qulle shayin qadir (1 time) / or Allahu akbar (34 times). 

Meaning: Holy God. All praise is due to Allah. God is greater than all. There is no deity except Him; He has no partner. To Him belongs all kingship and to Him belongs all praise; He is powerful over all things. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 96, 97)

Rasulullah (sm) said, whoever recites that Doa after every obligatory prayer, all his sins will be forgiven. Although it is equivalent to the foam of the sea. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 98)

According to another narration, he said to Ayesha and Fatima, “You should recite this dua at the end of every prayer and at bedtime.” That is better for you than a servant. (Muttafaq alaih, Muslim, Mishkat H / 236-6)

12. Subha-nalla-hi wa bihamdihi, Subha-nalla-hil azeem. Or recite Subhanallahi wa Bihamdihi 100 times in the morning and evening. 

Meaning: Holy God and all praise are due to Him. Glory be to God, the Great. 

As a result of reciting this Doa, all his sins will be forgiven. Although it is equivalent to the foam of the sea. The Prophet (sm) said about this Doa that there are two words that are very dear to Rahman, very light in the mouth and very heavy in the scales of the scales. That is Subha-Nallahi …. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 2296-98)

Imam Bukhari (R) has finished his world-famous book Sahihul Bukhari through the above hadith and prayers.

13. Ayatul Kursi:

Alla-hu la ila-ha illa huwal haiyul qayyum. La Ta’khuzuhu Senatu Wala Naum. Lahu Ma Fissama-Wati Wama Phil Arya. Man jallazi yashfa u indahu illa b ijnihi. Yalamu Ma Baina Idihim Wama Khalfahum, Wala Yuhituna Bishaiim Min ‘Ilmihi Illa Bima Shaa; Wase’a kursiyuhus sama wa-te wal r; Wala Yauduhu Hifzu Huma wa Huwal ‘Aliyul Azim (Baqarah 2/255).

Meaning: Allah, there is no god but He. Who is the Ever-Living, the Eternal? No drowsiness or sleep can catch him. Everything in the heavens and the earth belongs to Him. Who can intercede with Him except by His command? He knows everything that is in front of them and behind them. They have nothing to gain from his ocean of knowledge, just as much as he wants to give. His chair encompasses the whole sky and the earth. And taking care of them does not make him tired at all. He is supreme and great.

Rasulullah (sm) said, after every obligatory salat, there is no obstacle for the reader of Ayatul Kursi to enter Paradise except death ‘(Nasai). When he recites at bedtime, an angel is posted to guard him till morning. So that the devil may not come near him ‘(Bukhari). (Nasai Kubra H / 9927, Silsila Sahihah H / 982; Mishkat H / 964)

14. Alla-hummafini behala-leka ‘an hara-meka wa agnini bifadlika’ amman sewa-ka. 

Meaning: O Allah! You make me sufficient by halal without haram and by my grace make me independent from others! The Prophet (sm) said, as a result of this Doa, even if there is a mountain of debt, Allah makes arrangements to release his debt. (Tirmidhi, Bayhaqi (Dawatul Kabir), Mishkat H / 2449)

15. Astagfirulla-hallaji la ila-ha illa huwal haiyul qayyumu wa atubu ilaihi. 

Meaning: I am praying to Allah for forgiveness. There is no deity except Him. Who is the Ever-Living, the Eternal? I am going back to him with a repentant heart or repenting. 

When this Doa is recited, Allah forgives him, even though he is a fugitive from the field of Jihad. (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, Mishkat H / 2353)

Rasulullah (sm) used to repent 100 times daily. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 2325)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to instruct the recitation of Surah Falaq and Nas at the end of every prayer. (Mishkat H / 989)

Every night when he went to bed, he would recite Surah Ikhlas, Falaq, and Nas. He did it three times. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 2132)

15.2. Prayers

Prayer means talking to each other in secret. The Prophet (sm) said, when one of you is engaged in prayer, he prays to his Lord, that is, he speaks in secret. (Bukhari (Delhi Press) 1/6 p .; Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 610) So salat is not a meditation, but the name of the servant’s direct forgiveness and supplication to Allah. What cannot be said to anyone in the world, the servant says so with the Creator Allah. God understands the language of His servant’s eyes and hears the cries of the heart. He said, “Call on Me.” I will answer your call. (Mumin / Ghafir 40/60). 

Rasulullah (sm) said, Doa is worship. (Mishkat H / 2230) Therefore the method of prayer should be in accordance with the Sunnah. We have to see the manner in which Rasulullah (sm) made Doa. We have to pray the way he prayed. If he leaves the method he left behind and prays Doa in another way, it will be more likely to be a sin instead of being accepted. Rasulullah (sm) has made Doa in salat. 

The duration of the prayer is from the time of Takbeer Tahrima to the time of returning the salaam. (Mishkat H / 312) During this solitary time of salat, the servant prays to his Lord. ‘Salat’ means doa, Apologies, etc. There is only Doa and Doa everywhere in the salat till the salutation is returned to the child. Once the meaning is understood, the servant does not have to ask for anything other than those Dua. However, after returning the salutation, there is ample opportunity to do Doa alone. Then any valid prayer can be made in any language as desired. 

15.3. Places of Dua in Salat

(1) Isteftah in Chana or Doa, which begins with ‘Alla-Humma Ba-Ed Bayani’ 

(2) The best Doa is Alhamdulillah and Ihdinach Chira-Tal Mustaqim in Surah Fatiha. 

(3) Rukute ‘Subhanaka Allahumma …

(4) Doa Rabbana wa lakal hamd hamdan Kashiran … or other prayers after bowing. 

(5) In prostration also Subha-Naka Alla-Humma ‘… or other Doas. 

(6) Sitting between the two prostrations and saying ‘Alla-Hummagfirli …’ and praying on 6 subjects. 

(7) In the last meeting, before returning the salutation after Tashahhud, recite various duas including Mashurah in the doa.

(8) Opportunity to do long Doa through Qunoot while standing in Kowma. 

Rasulullah (sm) said, during sajdah, the servant reaches the nearest of his lord; Therefore, pray as much as you can at that time. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 694)

Another hadith states that he used to pray more and more during the last meeting between Tashahhud and Salam. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 613)

After returning the salutation, the opportunity for the servant’s prayer or secret conversation with Allah is lost. Therefore, all duas should be completed before returning the salutation, not after returning the salutation. At this time, if anyone wants a special prayer for the worshipers, he should inform everyone in advance or through the Imam. So that the worshipers can include him in their intention of Doa.

15.4. Collective Dua after the obligatory prayer

After returning the salutation at the end of the obligatory prayer, the Imam and the Muqtadi jointly raise their hands and recite the Doa aloud of the Imam and the customary practice of the Muqtadis to say Amin ‘Amin’ is a new creation in the religion. There is no document in Sahih or Zayf Sanad for this from Rasoolullah (SAW) and Sahaba (RA) It must be said that even today the practice does not exist in the two Haram mosques in Makkah and Madinah. 

15.5. Harmful aspects of conventional Collective Dua

(1) This is an anti-Sunnat period. Therefore, no matter how sweet and beautiful it may seem, according to the meaning of verses 103-4 of Surah Al-Kahf, there is a possibility that the person will be included among the losers. 

(2) As a result, the worshiper gives more importance to the subject outside the prayer, i.e. the conventional prayer, than to his own salat. And that is why nowadays people are giving more importance to prayers than obligatory prayers and are more interested in attending the Bidat ceremony called the last prayer and crowds are gathering there.

(3) As a result of this, a worshiper does not learn the meaning of anything even after performing salat all his life. On the contrary, at the end of the prayer, the dua of the Imam is required.

(4) He does not understand what the Imam said in the Arabic prayer. On the other hand, he can’t say anything himself. He could not pour his heart into the duas that he had read in the previous salat because he did not know the meaning. 

(5) As a result of Imam Sahib’s ignorance of the mind of the worshiper, it is only proper for the worshiper to say ‘Amen’. 

(6) Imam Sahib may have one of the objectives to win the hearts of the listeners and worshipers through long-term prayers in Arabic-Urdu or other languages. As a result, the poets of ‘Riya’ and ‘Shruti’ are likely to be sinful. Riya has been called minor shirk in the hadith. (Ahmad, Mishkat H / 5334) As a result, there is a definite possibility that all the virtues of Imam Sahib will be wasted.

15.6. Raised hands in salat Collective doa

(1) In the Istisqa, i.e. rain prayer, the Imam and the Muqtadi will raise their hands together and pray. 

(2) Nayula in Kunut and will also distribute in Kunut. 

15.7. Doa with both hands raised alone

At any time outside the salat, the servant will make Doa to his Lord in any language; However, Doi of Hadith is better. When a servant raises his hand and prays for something in solitude, Allah is ashamed to return his hand empty. (Abu Dawood, Mishkat H / 2244) Khela will join hands and make dua in front of the face. (Abu Dawood H / 146-6, 69) The hadith of wiping the face after the prayer is Zayef. (Abi Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 2243, 45, 2255) Instead, he should give up after praying while standing. 

(1) The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) raised his hands to Allaah and prayed for his ummah alone. (Muslim H / 499)

(2) On the day of the battle of Badr, he turned to the Qibla and raised his hands to Allah alone, and prayed in a mournful voice. (Muslim H / 458)

(3) Shocked that some people of the Banu Jazima tribe were killed by mistake, Rasulullah (sm) raised his hand twice alone and asked Allah for forgiveness. (Bukhari, Mishkat H / 398)

(4) Abu Musa Ashari (R) ‘s nephew, who was killed in the battle of Awtas, performed ablution for Abu’ Amer Ashari (R) and raised his hands, and prayed alone. (Bukhari H / 4323)

(5) He turned to the Qibla for the guidance of the people of Daos and raised Doa alone. (Bukhari, Al-Adabul Mufrad H / 611)

(6) During Hajj and Umrah, while performing Sa’i, climb Safa hill, turn towards the Kaaba, raise both hands, and pray. (Abu Dawood H / 162; Muslim, Mishkat H / 2555)

(7) Doa with both hands raised alone on the plain of Arafa. (Nasai H / 3011)

(8) After throwing stones in the 1st and 2nd Jamra, move away a little and turn towards the Qibla and raise both hands and pray. (Bukhari H / 1851-53)

(9) Raising hands and praying while traveling. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 260)

Moreover, in the khutbah of Jumu’ah and Eid or in other meetings and conferences, if one makes Doa, the others (without two hands of oil) will say only ‘Amin’. (Sahih Al-Adabul Mufrad H / 461) Even if one prays, the other can say ‘Amin’ at the same time. It should be noted that ablution, facing the Qibla, and oiling one’s hands are not always the conditions for prayer. Rather, the servant will pray to Allah at any time and in any situation. For example, food, urine, toilet, at home, and on the trip, there are always different Doa. And Allah has instructed His servants to call on Him at any time and in any situation. (Baqarah 2/18, Mumin / Ghafer 40/60; Bukhari ‘Doas’ Chapter-70, Paragraph-24)

15.8. Quranic Doa

It is forbidden to recite Qur’anic Doa in Ruku and Sajdah. (Mishkat Hadith 63) However, the meaning can be read with a slight lexical change. For example, instead of Rabbana Atina Fidduniya … (Baqarah 2/201), say Alla-Humma Rabbana Atina or Alla-Humma A-Tina Fidiya … (Bukhari H / 4522) However, in the last meeting, before returning the salutation after Tashahhud, all types of Doa based on Sahih Hadith including Quranic Doa can be recited.

16. Prayers of Masbuk

If someone finds some part of the prayer with the Imam, he is called Masbook. The worshiper will join the prayer in whatever condition he finds the Imam. (Tirmidhi H / 591) The part that he gets with the Imam will be considered the first part of his prayer. If he gets into the state of Ruku, he will only recite Surah Fatiha and join in Ruku. Puppies do not have to read. If you cannot recite the Fatiha in Surah, the rak’ah will not be counted. The traveler will perform the whole salat if he does the Ikteda of any stay-at-home. Therefore, bowing, prostration, and sitting will join the congregation in the condition in which the Imam can be found. In that, he will get the full virtue of Jama’at. (Mishkat H / 1145)

The Prophet (sm) said, perform the part of the prayer that you get, And fill in whatever is left out. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 6)

17. Qaza prayers

It is recommended to perform Qaja salat quickly and continuously with Iqamat. (Muslim H / 1560/60)

On the day of the Battle of the Trench, the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions performed the four daily Qaza prayers from Zahir to Esha after Maghrib with one Azan and four separate Iqamahs in the congregation. (Nasai H / 72)

Rasulullah (sm) said, if someone forgets or falls asleep, his expiation is to perform Qaza prayer as soon as he wakes up or remembers. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 603-04)

Umri Qaja, that is, the Qaza prayers of the past or past life, is now a part of the regular obligatory prayers and it is a completely Bidat practice to perform it as Qaja.

Because Islam destroys everything before it. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 26)

And if he repents sincerely, Allah forgives all the past sins of His servant. (Al-Furqan 25/71)

Therefore, in this situation, one should perform more and more supererogatory acts of worship; Because if there is a lack of obligatory worship, it will be fulfilled on the Day of Resurrection by the virtue of supererogatory worship by the command of Allah. (Abu Dawood H / 64-6)

18. Prayers for the tour

It is permissible to break the prayer during a journey or in fear. As Allah says,

When you travel, there is nothing wrong with your prayers. If you fear that the disbelievers will harass you; Indeed, the disbelievers are your open enemy. (Nisa 4/101)

‘Qosr’ means reduction; In the technical sense: praying a prayer of four Rakats in two Rakats is called ‘Qosr’; During the conquest of Mecca, Rasulullah (sm) prayed with Qasr. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 1338) 

In response to a question from Omar Farooq (R) about whether one should spend a peaceful journey or not, Rasulullah (sm) said; Allah has given it to you as a Sadakah (gift); So accept it. (Muslim, Mishkat H / 1335)

The journey must be a journey of obedience to God, not a journey of sin.

Distance to tour

There are twenty kinds of statements among scholars about the distance of a journey from one mile to 48 miles. (Silsila Sahihah H / 173) There is no explanation of distance in the Holy Quran. There is only talk of a tour. Rasulullah (sm) did not indicate any limit to it. If you intend to visit some scholars, you can start ‘Kosar’ from home.

However, Ibn al-Munazir said, “I did not know that the Messenger of Allah (sm) had made a pilgrimage before leaving the city of Madinah for the purpose of travel.” He said that the scholars have agreed that he can do Qosr only if he goes out for a visit and passes the houses of his village (or mahalla). We think that in order to avoid disagreement, it is better to perform the obligatory salat of the two times from home and to go on a journey by performing two separate iqamahs without Qosr and Sunnat. The Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Companions did this during the Tabuk campaign. (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 1344) 

Abdullah Ibn Abbas (R) said Rasulullah (sm) did ‘Qasr’ during his stay of 19 days (conquest of Makkah or expedition to Tabuk); We do the same. If more than that, I fulfill it. (Bukhari 1/146, H / 4296)

If the duration of Karu’s visit is fixed, he will still do Qosr, unless he decides to stay there permanently.

Rasulullah (sm) did something there for 20 days during the Tabuk campaign; When Abdullah bin Omar (R) visited Azerbaijan, he stayed there during the entire ice season and prayed with Qasr for six months; Similarly, Hazrat Anas (R) visited Sham or Syria and stayed there for two years.

Therefore, the drivers and employees of permanent passengers such as Jaha, Biman, Train, Bus, etc. can always pray during the journey; And they can perform the two daily prayers; In general, it is better to do it in case of fear and travel; Rasulullah (sm) always used to work hard; Hadrat ‘Umar,’ Ali, Ibn Mas’ud, Ibn ‘Abbas (R) used to give preference to Qasr.

Hazrat Osman and Hazrat Ayesha (R) used to recite at first and then recite the whole; Abdullah bin Omar (R) used to recite the whole in the congregation and recite the Qur’an alone. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 1347-48)

Because Allah says, ‘There is no sin for you if you’ll shorten ‘the prayer while traveling. (Nisa 4/101).

Submitting and shortening the prayers

While on the journey, there are rules for reciting Taqdeem and Takheer in two ways, without circumcision and nafl, through separate Iqaamah of Zohar-Asr (2 + 2 = 4 Rakats) and Maghrib-Esha (3 + 2 = 5 rak’ats). (Bukhari, Mishkat H / 1339)

That is, the last time prayer will be recited together with the previous time by ‘Taqdeem’ or the last time prayer will be recited together with the last time; Apart from fear and storm rain, the salat of the two times can be recited together without Qosr and Sunnat in the state of stay at home under any other special Shariah excuse. For example, 4 + 4 = 6 Rakats through the separate iqamah of Zohar and Asr, and 3 + 4 = 6 Rakats according to Maghrib and Esha. Ibn ‘Abbas (R) was asked why? He said so that the ummah does not suffer. (Bukhari H / 1164)

Women with Istihaza or diabetic patients or other difficult patients, cooks, and busy siblings may occasionally take this opportunity temporarily for special reasons. On the pilgrimage to Arafat, on the plain of Arafat, without any Sunnat-nafl, they perform ‘Zuhr and’ Asr together (2 + 2) in a separate Iqamah during the Awwal time of Zuhr, and in Muzdalifah, Maghrib and ‘Isha together (3 + 2) in a separate Iqamah during’ Esha ‘. Is to read alone. (Bukhari, Mishkat H / 2617, 2706)

Rasulullah (sm) did not recite Sunnahs during the journey; (Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 1336) However, he did not leave the two Rakats of Vitr, Tahajjud, and Fajr Sunnah; However, he did not forbid anyone from performing ordinary supererogatory prayers such as Tahiyatul Ozu, Tahiyatul Masjid, etc. (Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 1340; Bukhari H / 1159)

The correct rules of salat in Saheeh hadith