Pillars of Salah. Fard of Salah. Wajib of Salat. Sunnah of Salah

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Pillars-of-Salah.-Fard-of-Salah.-Wajib-of-Salat.-Sunnah-of-Salah

Pillars of Salah. Fard of Salah. Wajib of Salat. Sunnah of Salah

Bismillahir Rahmani Rahim, today’s topic of discussion is the Pillars of Salah, Fard of Salah, Wajib of Salat, Sunnah of Salah.

Pillars of Salah

There are 16 obligations or rules of prayer. Of which 9 are outside the obligatory prayer and 7 are inside the obligatory prayer. These are the essentials of prayer. If it is omitted intentionally or by mistake, the prayer becomes invalid.

Terms of Salat

Some things outside the prayer, otherwise the salat is not perfect, are called the conditions of the prayer. Which is 9. E.g.

(1) Becoming a Muslim (Ale Imran 3/75; Tawba 9/18)

(2) To be knowledgeable (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, Mishkat H / 327)

(3) Becoming an adult and therefore starting praying from the age of seven (Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 562)

(4) Purification of body, clothes, and place (Maeda 5/6, Araf 7/31, Muddassir 64/4; Muslim Mishkat H / 260 Purchase and Sale ‘Chapter, Paragraph 1; Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Daremi, Mishkat H / 636, 739, paragraph-6)

(5) Covering the Satar. During salat, for men, from the two shoulders and navel to the knees, and for women, except for the palms and the face of both hands, from head to toe, the whole is covered as Satar. (Mishkat H / 655, Surah Noor 24/31)

(6) Being on time (Nisa 4/103)

(7) Purification through ablution or tayammum (Maeda 6)

(8) Facing the Qibla (Baqarah 2/144)

(9) Intention or determination of prayer (the first hadith of Bukhari and Mishkat)

Fard inside salah

Rukn means pillar. These are essential issues. If it is abandoned intentionally or by mistake, the prayers are canceled. Which is 7. E.g.

(1) Qiyam or standing

GOD says, “Stand firm for GOD.” (Baqara 2/236) 

(2) Tahrima in takbeer

That is to say, Allahu Akbar, raises both hands to the shoulders or ears. Allah says: Give Takbeer to your Lord. (84/3 of Muddassir). That is, declare his greatness. Rasulullah (sm) said, everything is haram for prayer through Takbeer and everything is halal through returning salaam. (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 312)

(3) To recite Surah Fatiha

Rasulullah (sm) said the salat of a person who does not recite Surah Fatiha is not perfect. (Muttafaq alaih, Mishkat H / 622)

(4) To bow

Allah says O you who believe! You bow and prostrate. (Hajj 22/6). 

(5) Prostrate

Allah says O you who believe! You bow and prostrate. (Hajj 22/6). 

(6) Performing prayers in Tadil Arkan or a slow-steady manner

Abu Huraira (R) said, “When a person enters the mosque and greets the Prophet (sm) after the prayers, he replies to him and says, ‘Go back and perform the prayer.’ Because you did not pray. Thus the man prayed three times and the Prophet (sm) sent him back three times. Then the man said, O Messenger of Allah (sm)! I swear by the One who sent you with the truth, I do not know how to pray better than this. So please teach me prayer! (Then he taught him to perform salat slowly and healthily). (Muttafaq Alaih, Mishkat H / 790, ‘Description of Salat’ paragraph-10).

(7) Akhirah or last meeting in the mud

Hazrat Umm Salama (R) said that in the time of the Prophet (sm), the women used to get up after returning the salaam after the obligatory prayers in the congregation, and the Prophet (sm) and the male worshipers used to sit for some time. Then when the Prophet (sm) stood up, they also stood up. (Bukhari, Mishkat H / 946 Tashahhud Doa Paragraph-16)

This proves that sitting at the last meeting and returning the salutation was the regular Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Sahaba. It is revealed that if in a state of incapacity due to a severe illness or any other practical reason, it is not possible to fulfill the above conditions and conditions properly. He should perform the prayers by sitting or lying down. (Bukhari; Mishkat H / 1248). But prayers are not waived under any circumstances as long as there is knowledge. 

Wajib of salat

Rukn is followed by Wajib, which is a must. Which, if deliberately disputed, cancels the prayers; And if you argue by mistake, you have to give ‘Sahu in Sijdah’. 8 obligatory prayers. E.g.

1. All other takbeers except takbeer in takbeer. (Bukhari, Muslim and others, Mishkat H / 699, 601)

2. Reading tasbih in ruku. At least Subha-na Rabbiyal called ‘Azeem’. (Nasai, Abu Dawood Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 61 Ruku paragraph-13)

3. Called SamiAllah-Huliman Hamidah during Qawma. (Bukhari, Muslim, Mishkat H / 60, 64, 65, 7)

4. The Doa of Qawma is at least called Rabbana Lakal Hamd or ‘Alla-Humma Rabbana Lakal Hamd’. (Bukhari H / 632-35, 636; Muslim H / 904, 913).

5. Going to prostrate and reciting tasbih. At least say Subha-na Rabbiyal Ala ‘. (Nasai, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 61)

6. Sitting still in the middle of two prostrations and reciting Doa. Such as saying ‘Rabbigfirli’ at least 2 times. (Ibn Majah H / 696; Abu Dawud H / 750)

7. Sitting in the first meeting and reciting Tashahhud. (Mishkat H / 909)

8. Concluding prayers through Salam. (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Mishkat H / 312)

Sunnah of Salat

All other acts of salat except fard and wajib are Sunnat. E.g. 

(1) All the prayers of the day except the obligatory prayers of Jumu’ah should be recited silently and the obligatory prayers of the night should be recited aloud.

(2) To recite Auzubillah silently before Kirat in the first rak’ah

(3) To recite all the prayers to be repeated in the prayer

(4) Hands tied to the chest 

(5) Raf’ul Yadain 

(6) Saying, Amin 

(7) Laying hands on the ground before going for prostration 

(8) To rest in Jalsa 

(9) Standing on the ground with both hands 

(10) Standing in prayer and keeping an eye on the place of prostration 

(11) to fist like the right hand 53 during Tashahhud and to keep moving the finger of martyrdom; Besides, all lawful actions are beyond the obligation.

Pillars of Salah. Fard of Salah. Wajib of Salat. Sunnah of Salah

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